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研究显示,内地法院极度依赖被告人招供

天之聪教育 2012-06-19 未知 115次

 

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研究显示,内地法院极度依赖被告人招供

    Thursday, May 12, 2011

    香港中文大学法律学院院长麦高伟对内地司法制度所做的一项研究显示,内地法院几乎完全依赖口供来为被告人定罪,而被告人招供率高达95%,这个比例极不寻常。

    麦高伟这项研究历时15年。研究结果称,上述情况导致被告人被长期拘留、遭到警方刑讯逼供,或审判匆忙草率等问题。

    麦高伟昨天发布《对中国刑事司法体制的实证探究》一书。他说,内地司法制度令人 "极其失望 "

    内地司法制度经常招致境外批评,但麦高伟的新书为首次根据全面实证调查得出的独立研究结果。

    麦高伟分析了内地13个地区法院的1144个起诉案原始文件,并走访267位法官、检察官和辩护律师,从而得出上述结论。他发现,法院审理的227个案例中,只有19个案例有控方证人作证,而除了一案外,其余都只有一个证人。

 

 

Mainland courts rely on confessions, study finds

A landmark study of the mainland's legal system by an independent, Hong Kong-based researcher has found that its courts rely on unusually high confession rate of 95 per cent to convict defendants.

According to the 15-year study by Professor Mike McConville, dean of Chinese University's law faculty, mainland courts' almost exclusive reliance on confessions for convictions has resulted in long detention periods, abusive police interrogation and rushed trials.

McConville, who yesterday launched his publication Criminal Justice in China: An Empirical Inquiry, said the mainland's legal system was "extremely disappointing".

While criticism of its legal system can be regularly heard outside the mainland, McConville's work is the first independent study based on comprehensive empirical research.

He came to his conclusions after analysing 1,144 original prosecution case files gathered from courts in 13 locations on the mainland, as well as 267 interviews with judges, prosecutors and defence lawyers. He found that prosecution witnesses were produced in only 19 out of 227 trials and that in all but one only a single witness was produced.

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