沪江英语 2013-03-18 沪江英语 314次
2013年春季上海中高级口译考试于今日3月17日开考，沪江英语在考后第一时间提供真题、解析、答案信息，本文为2013年3月高级口译听力真题Listening Comprehension 4 部分（含解析），由沪江网校提供。
Listening Comprehension 4
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following talk.
As long as there has been crime, there have been ways to solve it. One of the oldest methods is interrogation, a method in which the police question people who might have committed the crime or who might have information about the crime. Interrogation can help the police to establish many basic facts, but modern techniques for solving crime include more complex scientific methods.
Let me talk first about a system often called “crime hotlines”. In some cases, where law enforcement personnel have difficulty finding a criminal, they turn to private citizens for help in solving a crime. This system allows people to make a phone call or access a website and give information to the police anonymously. This can often be effective when people are afraid to give information in public. Sometimes, a family member may have committed the crime, and another family member finally decides to call the police and give the information they have.
Second, fingerprinting. Each person’s finger print is unique. The ancient Chinese used finger prints to sign legal papers. What better way to identify an individual? Yet, it was only in the late 19th century that finger prints were first used to identify criminals. A variety of scientific techniques make it possible for finger prints to be lifted from most surfaces. Then, they can be compared to finger prints the police have on file.
A relatively new technique that crime-fighters are now using is called “psychological profiling”. Criminal psychologists look at the crime and the way it was committed. Based on this information, they try to understand the personality and motivation of the person who committed the crime. Then they can focus their search on people who match this profile.
In some cases, private citizens are finding ways to solve crimes as well. With a little knowledge of electronics, anyone can put hidden cameras in a home or office. In the 1990s as an example, there were some cases where nannies were accused of abusing the children they were paid to care for. Hidden cameras were used to prove the nanny’s guilt. However, the technique is controversial because it involves issues of privacy.
Finally, let me discuss DNA. Of the most recent crime-solving techniques used, DNA is proving very effective. Each person, with the exception of identical siblings, has a unique DNA coding system. So, if criminals leave anything that can be tested at the scene of the crime, such as blood or hair, they can be identified. DNA was used to solve a crime for the first time in England in 1987. Since that time, it has become widely used, and it’s considered 99% accurate. DNA testing can also be used to prove that a person is innocent. Many prisoners have been released because that DNA evidence proves that they did not commit the crime of which they were convicted.
16. When did people start to use finger printing to identify criminals?
17. In using psychological profiling to find a criminal, people have to match several factors. Which of the following is not one of these factors?
18. Which is one of the oldest methods use to solve crime according to the talk?
19. Why is the use of hidden cameras in solving a crime controversial?
20. Which of the following statements is true about DNA as a crime-solving technique?
本段讲座介绍刑事案件侦破（crime-solving）的方法，包括传统的讯问（interrogation）、举报热线（crime hotlines）、指纹鉴定（finger printing），以及相对较新的方法，包括心理档案法（psychological profiling）、摄像头监控、DNA鉴定等。
CGTN 2022-07-01 08:58:11
国新办&CGTN 2022-06-27 10:07:48
新华网 2022-06-27 08:28:08
Our world today is living through accelerating changes unseen in a century and continued spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. They confront humanity with unprecedented challenges and usher in a new phase of instability and transformation for global developmen
新华网 2022-06-24 09:56:27