国新办 2022-10-24 950次
Good morning, ladies and gentlemen. Welcome to the press conference held by the Press Center for the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC). This is the first press conference held by the press center.
We have invited three delegates to speak with you about "how China will apply the new development philosophy, foster a new pattern of development, promote high-quality development, and advance the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on all fronts through a Chinese path to modernization." The three delegates are Mr. Zhao Chenxin, a member of the Leading Party Members Group of the NDRC and vice chairman of the NDRC; Mr. Cong Liang, a member of the Leading Party Members Group of the NDRC, secretary of the Leading Party Members Group of the NFSRA, and director of the NFSRA; and Mr. Ren Jingdong, a member of the Leading Party Members Group of the NEA and deputy director of the NEA.
Now, let's give the floor to Mr. Zhao Chenxin for his introduction.
Ladies and gentlemen, friends from the press, good morning. It is a great pleasure to attend today's press conference with two of my colleagues and speak with you.
Yesterday morning, we were very honored to listen to the important report made by General Secretary Xi Jinping at the opening session of the 20th CPC National Congress. The report profoundly expounded on the work of the past five years and the great changes of the new era in the past decade, and laid out the major policies and action plans for the development of the Party and the country in the future. A large part of the report was about economic work. As participants and witnesses of economic work in the new era, we are aware that since the 18th CPC National Congress, our Party has solved many tough problems that were long on the agenda but never resolved, and secured many accomplishments of long-term significance, enabling historic achievements and historic changes in the country's economic and social development.
Numbers speak louder than words. China's GDP increased from 53.9 trillion yuan in 2012 to 114.4 trillion yuan in 2021, and the proportion of the country's economy in the world's economy expanded from 11.3% to 18.5%, an increase of 7.2 percentage points. China's per capita GDP jumped from 39,800 yuan to 81,000 yuan. There are many other vivid figures and facts, as we have previously introduced in the press conference series themed "China in the past decade," so I won't go over those details here.
One never knows how difficult a task is, unless one tries it oneself. The historic leap in China's economic prowess and the extraordinary and remarkable achievements in China's economic development have been achieved against the background of a severe and complex international situation with huge risks and challenges emerging one after another. In our actual work, we are keenly aware that these gains have not come easily and we owe our achievements to the steering of General Secretary Xi Jinping and the scientific guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era.
There is no end to practice, nor to theoretical innovation. Xi Jinping's economic thought insists on observing, grasping and leading the times with Marxism and has formed a series of theoretical achievements with distinct contemporary and creative characteristics in adapting to the new situation, solving new problems and meeting new challenges. It has made important original contributions to the development of Marxist political economy.
Xi Jinping's economic thought has creatively put forward the overarching theoretical view of strengthening overall CPC leadership in economic work, the people-centered philosophy of development, the new vision of innovative, coordinated, green, open and shared development, and the important judgment that China's economy has been transitioning from a phase of rapid growth to a stage of high-quality development. It has creatively put forward the important thought of developing and improving the socialist market economy, the major policy of supply-side structural reform, the major strategy of creating a new pattern of development, and the important thought of steering economic globalization in the right direction.
In the practice of economic work, we have inevitably encountered some risks and challenges, which needed to be dealt with in a timely manner. For example, how to ensure national food security, energy and resource security, and the security of important industrial chains and supply chains; how to promote high-quality development; how to deepen the reform of the economic system, as well as issues involving investment, consumption and consumer prices; and how to actively and prudently promote the design of systems, policy formulation and the implementation of plans to achieve carbon peaking and carbon neutrality.
In the process of meeting challenges, we always keep in mind that General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that our goal should be to ensure that people live better lives. We have adopted various methods to conduct extensive research so as to understand people's aspirations and demands and listen to their suggestions. We continue to seek answers in the direction pointed out in General Secretary Xi Jinping's important speeches, expositions and instructions. We are keenly aware that Xi Jinping's economic thought has chartered the right course for economic work in the new era and set fundamental guidelines on how to remove impediments and increase impetus to development and how to foster advantages in our development.
Currently, China has achieved its first centenary goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, and is now marching on a new journey toward its second centenary goal of building a great modern socialist country in all respects. We are closer than ever before to the goal of national rejuvenation, and more confident and capable of making it a reality. We now feel more confident as we face changes in the world, of our times and of history, along with new strategic opportunities, tasks, stages, requirements and the environment.
With the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, the institutional strength of socialism with Chinese characteristics in pooling resources to accomplish major initiatives, the solid material foundation laid down by economic and social development since reform and opening up, especially since the 18th CPC National Congress, and the mighty force of the whole Party, the military and the Chinese people of all ethnic groups to work together and work hard to forge ahead in the new era, we are confident and committed to realizing the strategic goal of advancing the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on all fronts through a Chinese path to modernization, as put forward in the report by the general secretary.
On the new journey, we will unite more closely around the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, acquire a deep understanding of the decisive significance of establishing both Comrade Xi Jinping's core position on the Party Central Committee and in the Party as a whole and defining the guiding role of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, and boost our consciousness of the need to maintain political integrity, think in big-picture terms, follow the leadership core, and keep in alignment with the central Party leadership. We will stay confident in the path, the theory, the system and the culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics. We will firmly uphold Comrade Xi Jinping's core position on the Party Central Committee and in the Party as a whole and uphold the Central Committee's authority and its centralized, unified leadership. We will firmly grasp the critical period at the beginning of building a modern socialist country in all respects, address unbalanced and inadequate development, and earnestly work hard to remedy deficiencies, strengthen weak links, consolidate the bottom, and leverage strengths. We will act on the general principle of pursuing progress while ensuring stability, apply the new development philosophy in full, in the right way and in all fields, accelerate the creation of a new pattern of development, and promote high-quality development. Through our practical actions, we will make new and greater contributions to building a modern socialist country in all respects and advancing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on all fronts.
That's all for my introduction. Now, my two colleagues and I would like to answer your questions.
The floor is now open to questions. Please identify the media outlet you represent before raising questions. Simultaneous interpretation services will be available throughout the press conference. If reporters ask questions in English, the question part will be rendered into Chinese by consecutive interpretation. Now the floor is open.
Food security is the country's most fundamental interest. General Secretary Xi Jinping has often stressed that we should not be negligent on the issue of food security and should always keep food security at the forefront. My questions are: how is the situation of food safety in our country at present, and will China guarantee that its food supply remains firmly in its own hands?
A nation's fate and people's livelihoods are interconnected with food, and food security is an essential foundation of national security. Since the 18th CPC National Congress, the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has ensured adequate food supply for over 1 billion people. It is a top priority in governance. The new food security concept has been put forward, and a national strategy for food security has been established. Thanks to earnest implementation in all regions and of relevant departments throughout the country and the hard work of broad masses of farmers and practitioners, China's ability to safeguard food security has improved steadily. It can be embodied in the following five aspects.
First, grain output rose to a high level. In 2012, China's grain output surpassed the 1.2 trillion jin mark (600 million tonnes) for the first time. It has exceeded 1.3 trillion jin for seven consecutive years since 2015. In 2021, the grain output hit a record high of 1.3657 trillion jin, increasing 141.2 billion jin compared to 2012. The per capita grain supply reached 483.5 kilograms, above the international food security threshold of 400 kilograms, regardless of the replenishment of imports and abundant inventories.
Second, the foundation for grain production was strengthened. China has 1.918 billion mu (about 128 million hectares) of farmland and established 1.058 billion mu of functional areas for grain production and production-protected areas for important agricultural products. Moreover, 900 million mu of high-standard farmland has been upgraded, advances in agricultural science and technology have contributed to 61% of agricultural production, and good crop varieties have basically achieved full coverage.
Third, grain circulation remained efficient and smooth. The national standard grain warehouses have a storage capacity of 700 million tonnes, and their storage condition is generally some of the most advanced in the world. We actively promoted market-based acquisitions with multiple subjects, multiple channels, and high quality and high prices. We also did a good job in policy-based acquisitions and upheld the bottom line that "all grain can be sold." The grain reserve system has been further improved, effectively playing a key role in upholding the bottom line, stabilizing expectations and safeguarding security.
Fourth, food emergency support became more effective. Currently, there are 6,000 emergency processing enterprises, 53,000 emergency supply outlets, 4,199 emergency storage and transportation enterprises and 3,047 emergency distribution centers in the country, enabling us to respond to all kinds of major natural disasters and public emergencies.
Fifth, grain markets generally remain stable. In recent years, affected by multiple factors, the international grain market has fluctuated significantly. However, China's grain markets featured sufficient supply and steady operation. They met the consumption needs of our people, which played an important role in promoting robust economic development, social harmony and stability.
The above five aspects show that the food safety situation in China is good, and its food supply remains firmly in its own hands, with the majority supply provided domestically. In the future, we will have the foundation, the conditions, the ability and the confidence to firmly seize the initiative in food security and make our road to food security with Chinese characteristics broader and broader. Thank you.
Hong Kong Economic Herald:
Since the 18th CPC National Congress, regional development strategies and major initiatives have been issued. What has been their effect? Going forward, how will the government further promote the development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area?
Since the 18th CPC National Congress, General Secretary Xi Jinping has personally planned, deployed and promoted a series of major regional strategies with overall significance, including the coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, the development of the Yangtze Economic Belt, the building of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, the integrated development of the Yangtze River Delta and the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River basin. In addition, a whole series of policies and systems to see the western region develop, northeast China revitalized, the central region rise, and the eastern region spearhead development have been unveiled, guiding China's coordinated regional development to historic achievements and historic changes. Specifically speaking:
First, the major regional development strategies have been advanced orderly. The top-level design of the coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region has been completed, with all areas of work being advanced steadily. Non-capital functions of Beijing have been gradually relieved, and a total of over 400 billion yuan have been invested in the Xiong'an New Area. The annual investment in Beijing's sub-center has reached more than 100 billion yuan. The development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt has upheld the principle of promoting well-coordinated environmental conservation and avoiding excessive development. Efforts have been sped up to deal with major environmental problems. As such, the proportion of water sections in the Yangtze River Economic Belt with good-quality water increased to 92.8%. Integrated development in the Yangtze River Delta has witnessed new momentum. Remarkable progress has been seen in developing a coordinated and innovative industrial system underpinned by the integration of scientific innovation and industrialization. Smooth progress has been made in constructing major open platforms, and new achievements have been made in ecological protection to push the green development of the region. Public services have become significantly accessible and much easier to share. More efforts have been made to accelerate the establishment of the "1+N+X" planning system regarding the ecological conservation and high-quality development of the Yellow River basin. The plan outlines have been rolled out and implemented with stepped-up efforts. Sound progress has been achieved in the conservation and utilization of water resources.
Second, the gap has continued to narrow in regional development. The economic growth rate of the central and western regions has been higher than that of the eastern region for many consecutive years. The proportion of GDP of the central and western regions in the national total increased from 21.3% and 19.6% in 2012 to 22% and 21.1% in 2021, respectively. The economic development of the northeastern region has stabilized, and the structural adjustment has steadily advanced. In recent years, the three northeastern provinces have accounted for more than one-fifth of the country's grain output, about one-fourth of the commodity grain volume and about one-third of the grain transfer volume, with their status as China's "big grain barns" more consolidated.
Third, the revitalization of areas with special features has remained an ongoing process. All 128,000 impoverished villages and 832 designated poor counties have gotten rid of poverty; the per capita GDP in 20 key cities located in old revolutionary base areas exceeds 60,000 yuan; the resource output rate in resource-based cities has increased by more than 36%; and prosperity, stability and development in border areas have been boosted.
Regarding the development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area (GBA) you're concerned about, I would like to say notable progress has been made over the past five years. The "1+N" planning policy framework has been established. Great efforts have been exerted to promote the development of major cooperation platforms between Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, such as Qianhai in Shenzhen, Hengqin in Zhuhai, Nansha in Guangzhou, and the Lok Ma Chau Loop. Meanwhile, the construction of the GBA into an international science and technology innovation hub is progressing steadily. We have accelerated the modernization of the industrial system and the infrastructure inter-connectivity has been enhanced. We have also deepened the convergence of rules and mechanisms. A high-quality, livable and business-friendly environment has been gradually created, and Hong Kong and Macao residents live more convenient life on the Chinese mainland.
We have always prioritized supporting Hong Kong and Macao and have continued improving the central cities' functions. At the new historical starting point, we will put focus on key areas like science and technology innovation, industrial coordination, and people's well-being improvement in line with the decisions and deployments of the Party Central Committee. We will set the pace of the construction of the major cooperation platforms of Qianhai, Hengqin, Nansha and the Lok Ma Chau Loop. We will speed up our efforts to develop the GBA into an international science and technology innovation hub and improve its spatial layout, with a focus on "two corridors" (the Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong and the Guangzhou-Zhuhai-Macao science and technology innovation corridors) and "two points" (the Lok Ma Chau Loop, which occupies a strategic location on the border of Shenzhen and Hong Kong, and Hengqin, which is next door to Macao). We will promote the integrated development of the GBA in an orderly manner, improve and upgrade the functions of its world-class airport and port clusters, and enhance the development and sharing of public services. In short, we will develop a world-class bay area and build a role model of high-quality development. We will fully support Hong Kong and Macao in participating in the building of the GBA, and consolidating their international competitive advantages, therefore enabling them to gain broader development space and constant impetus for growth from the overall national development.
How does the Chinese government plan to reduce its dependence on foreign imports of resources such as iron ore, crude oil, natural gas and soybeans with the aim of becoming a more self-sufficient economy?
Thank you for your question, and I will take it. It concerns a very important issue, that is, how to understand creating a new development pattern. Since the Party Central Committee put forward this major strategic plan, we have noticed that there are some misconceptions and misunderstandings. Mr. Sun Yeli, spokesperson for the 20th CPC National Congress, answered a similar question at the press conference the day before yesterday. I would like to take this opportunity to expound on the goals and requirements of creating a new development pattern.
Since 2020, General Secretary Xi Jinping has made important expositions on creating a new development pattern on many occasions. We must fully and faithfully apply the new development philosophy on all fronts, continue reforms to develop the socialist market economy, promote high-standard opening up, and accelerate efforts to foster a new pattern of development that is focused on the domestic economy and features positive interplay between domestic and international economic flows, the general secretary said yesterday in a report at the opening session of the 20th CPC National Congress. Creating a new development pattern is a major decision made by the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core on the basis of a thorough analysis of the situation and in line with the changes to China's development stage, development environment, and development conditions, in particular, the changes to China's comparative advantages. It is a systematic and profound transformation that bears on the overall situation. It is also a strategic plan based on the present and with a long-term perspective. It is of great and far-reaching significance for China to achieve higher-quality development that is more efficient, equitable, sustainable, and secure.
Some people at home and abroad said that "taking the domestic circulation as the mainstay" means that China would significantly shrink its opening up to the outside world and even engage in a self-sufficient economy. Such understanding is wrong. General Secretary Xi Jinping has repeatedly stressed fostering a new development pattern that has open and dual domestic circulation and international circulation, not a closed single domestic circulation. In the current world, the trend of economic globalization is irreversible, and no country can build itself behind closed doors. China has long been deeply integrated with the global economy and the international system and has a high degree of industrial connection and interdependence with many other countries. The internal and external markets are interdependent and mutually reinforcing. Over the past 40-plus years since reform and opening up, we have actively leveraged domestic and overseas markets to create conditions for promoting a market economy, enriching market supplies, driving the transformation and upgrading of the industrial structure, sharpening competitive edges in the international market, and comprehensively enhancing the composite national strength, all of which has effectively improved the quality and allocation of China's production factors and promoted efficiency and quality of the domestic circulation.
For a while, economic globalization has been encountering "headwinds and adverse currents," and some countries want to engage in "decoupling and chain-cutting" in order to build the so-called "small courtyard and high walls." But the world will never return to a state of isolation and division. Opening up and cooperation remain the historical trend, and mutual benefits and win-win results are still what people are longing for. China's economy is a sea, and the world economy is also a sea. The oceans and seas in the world are all connected. We will always stand on the right side of history and will never be hindered by headwinds and turning-back waves. We will hold high the banner of building a community with a shared future for mankind, actively practice genuine multilateralism, unswervingly expand opening up in an all-around way, and make economic globalization more open, inclusive, balanced and beneficial to all.
Going forward, we will unswervingly implement the decisions and arrangements of the CPC Central Committee, focus on clearing the national economic circulation, and firmly implement the strategy of expanding domestic demand, continue to deepen reform to break and remove institutional barriers, accelerate the establishment of a new open economic system at a higher level, and promote smooth connectivity between domestic and international circulations. Thank you.
Shenzhen Satellite TV:
My question is about energy security. In recent years, some parts of China have been in the grip of electricity and coal shortages, which have affected production and life in these areas to a certain extent. The report to the 20th CPC National Congress stressed that China will work actively and prudently toward the goals of reaching peak carbon emissions and carbon neutrality. So the dual carbon goals put forward outline higher requirements for the high-quality development of energy, especially taking account into the impact of many factors such as the current tight energy market conditions and the volatile geopolitical situation. How can China's energy production and consumption be more resilient, inclusive, and sustainable and how can we keep firm in our commitment to energy security?
Good morning, everyone! Energy security is an overall and strategic issue related to the economic and social development of China and is crucial to the prosperity and development of the country, the improvement of people's lives, and the long-term prosperity and stability of society. Since the 18th CPC National Congress, under the scientific guidance of General Secretary Xi Jinping's new energy security strategy of "four revolutions, one cooperation" (promoting the energy consumption revolution, energy supply revolution, energy technology revolution, energy system revolution, and strengthening international cooperation in an all-round way), the multi-driven energy supply system has been gradually perfected, the supply quality and efficiency have been continuously elevated, and the energy self-sufficiency rate has remained above 80%. Hence, China’s energy system has not only withstood severe tests such as the COVID-19 pandemic and major natural disasters but also effectively cope with challenges from international energy price volatility, providing a solid energy guarantee for facilitating high-quality economic and social development.
China is both a major producer and consumer of energy. Ensuring energy security has always been China's primary task in energy work. We will conscientiously study and understand the guiding principles of the 20th CPC National Congress, try to ensure stability of energy supply as our top priority and pursue progress while ensuring stability. We will vigorously enhance China's capacity to ensure resource production and supply and unswervingly deliver good results in our work. We will focus on ensuring energy security in three aspects.
First, we should reinforce and strengthen the foundation. We will base our work on creating diversified domestic supplies to ensure safety, give full play to the role of coal as ballast and the basic adjustment role of coal power, vigorously enhance strength for oil and gas exploration and development, and strive to achieve an annual comprehensive energy production capacity of more than 4.6 billion metric tons of coal equivalent by 2025. At the same time, we need to further establish and improve coal and oil reserve systems, and especially accelerate the construction of reserve depots, LNG terminals, and other facilities, to ensure that the energy supply is elastic within a reasonable range.
Second, we will work to replace fossil fuels with alternative energy sources in an orderly manner. Focusing on long-term development needs, we will build a supply system of wind power, photovoltaic power, hydropower, nuclear power and other clean energies and press ahead with key hydropower and nuclear power projects. We will promote the construction of large-scale wind power and photovoltaic bases, especially in sandy areas, rocky areas and deserts, and develop biomass and geothermal energy, and other renewable energies according to local conditions. This ensures that non-fossil energy will take up 20% and 25% of total energy consumption by 2025 and 2030, respectively.
Third, we will work on risk control. Considering worst-case scenarios and risks, we will develop our monitoring and warning capacities regarding energy security and build and improve the warning system for coal, oil and gas, and power supply and demand. We will continuously enhance infrastructure construction of emergency power, pipelines, and network connectivity. Different regions and various kinds of energy sources will be better able to support and supplement each other. We will also continue strengthening the energy supply in key regions and periods, raising the ability of emergency response, and disaster rescue and relief. Our goal is to ensure energy security for the production and life of our people. Thank you!
China Media Group:
State reserves are a key material foundation for national governance. Our world today is living through changes unseen in a century with increased instability and uncertainty, posing new risks and challenges for the stability and development of the Chinese economy and society. Faced with such new circumstances, how will China build its strength in state reserves and its ability of emergency response to match its status as a major power, and how will China concretely enhance its capacity to prevent and resolve major risks?
Thank you for your question. An ancient Chinese saying goes like this, "It is a conventional practice for a country to be prepared for an emergency." In recent years, with great care and under the firm leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, China's state reserves have kept expanding, and the related system and mechanisms continued to be enhanced. The facility network gradually improved, providing a strong material foundation for addressing major risks and challenges and promoting steady economic operation. Faced with new circumstances in the new journey, we will continue to fully implement the important instructions given by General Secretary Xi Jinping, coordinate development and security, and put into effect the holistic approach to national security. We will tackle areas of weakness, solidify the foundation, and leverage our strengths in order to make accelerated efforts to build a state reserve system that matches China's status as a major power. We will continuously improve our preparedness and capacity to prevent and resolve risks and challenges so that we will be armed with stable reserves to address instability and uncertainty in economic and social development. We will work on the following three aspects.
First, we will improve the system and mechanisms of state reserves. Following the government-led principles of complementarity and leveraging efforts of all parties, we will improve the mechanism that integrates the reserves of central authorities and local governments, the existing reserves and production capacity, and the reserves of the government and enterprises. We will further study and promote the related legislation, ensure that the main parties assume their responsibilities according to their levels and categories, and improve the reserve modes. We will also make innovations in management mechanisms, optimize the procurement, storage, replacement and use system, and raise our modern governance capacity regarding reserves. Following a holistic approach to reserves and emphasizing nationwide coordination, we will improve the mechanism that links reserves at central and local levels and strengthen policy coordination and regional cooperation. We will also give full play to the guiding role of plans, supporting role of projects, and driving role of digital technologies and innovations in order to build an optimized, coordinated, and highly efficient reserve system.
Second, we will further enhance the strength of our reserves. We will work to ensure national food security, energy security and security in industrial and supply chains. We will earnestly carry out reserve tasks in key materials, including food, energy, important mineral products, and emergency supplies, and further build up state reserves, and optimize its structure in order to ensure sound preparation at regular times and availability in crucial moments. Meanwhile, infrastructure construction on state reserves will also be enhanced, with an emphasis on developing comprehensive functions, building reserve bases, establishing a network of reserves, and introducing intelligent management, to continuously improve the infrastructure network for storing and transporting materials.
Third, we will give full play to the role of reserves. Bearing in mind both our internal and international imperatives, we will strengthen strategic support, macro regulation, and emergency preparedness, increase our ability to prevent and resolve major risks, and give full play to the role of reserves as an anchor of stability. We will stick to the integration of market efficiency and the government's role, explore ways to improve the market regulation mechanism of state reserves and make more precise efforts to improve the timing, scale and effect of possessing and releasing reserves in order to ensure the supply and stable prices of bulk commodities, and the security and stability of the supply of primary products. Thank you!
I would like to ask about the economic situation. It's the fourth quarter now, yet we found that China's economic recovery is still weak in gaining momentum. It seems relatively hard to achieve the goal of securing a GDP growth of around 5.5% set at the beginning of the year. Moreover, as China holds its dynamic zero-COVID policy, many analysts have downgraded their prediction for China's GDP growth rate to around 3% in 2022. Could you share your analysis of this year's economic situation? Furthermore, will China introduce more measures to further stabilize the growth after the conclusion of the 20th CPC National Congress?
Thanks for your questions, and thank you for your care and concern about China's economic prospects. I would like to share with you some ideas on several aspects concerning China's economic development.
First, although there have been monthly fluctuations since the beginning of this year, China's economy has continued to recover and grow from an overall perspective. Those fluctuations came under the impact of the external environment, pandemic, extreme weather, and other factors that surpassed expectations and were reflected in March, April, and July in particular. As various work has been steadily promoted to coordinate epidemic prevention and control with socio-economic development in a highly efficient way, a package of policies introduced to stabilize the economy has continued to deliver effects with successive policies being decisively introduced. Through such efforts, major economic indicators, such as those of industries, service sector, investment, and consumption, have continued to recover. Thus, the economy has sustained its recovery and growth momentum on the whole.
Based on the current situation, the economy picked up significantly in the third quarter. From a global perspective, China's economic performance is still outstanding, as its consumer prices have grown modestly. In addition, in sharp contrast to the high global inflation, its employment has been generally stable, and its balance of payments has seen a basic equilibrium with its foreign exchange reserves being maintained at over $3 trillion. Taking multiple economic indicators into overall consideration, China's economic performance remains outstanding.
Second, although China's economy is facing difficulties and challenges, it also sees plenty of opportunities. Due to the impact of situational changes both inside and outside of China, the country's economy is still witnessing some outstanding contradictions and problems in its activities, as well as many difficulties and challenges in its development. However, it is worth mentioning that in the face of the impact of unexpected factors, China's economy has steadily recovered in a relatively short period of time, showing its strong resilience and huge potential. With a population of more than 1.4 billion, the world's largest middle-income group, a super-sized domestic market, as well as a complete industrial system, complete industrial chains, and an increasingly modernized infrastructure system, China's basic conditions have provided great opportunities and an enormous market for the development of various enterprises.
China is currently planning and building large-scale wind power and photovoltaic bases with a total capacity of 450 million kilowatts in sandy areas, rocky areas, and deserts, as well as upgrading projects in key areas in accordance with basic and high-standard energy efficiency benchmark levels. At present, policy-based and developmental financial instruments have effectively supported infrastructure construction in key areas, and increasing support has been provided for upgrading and transforming equipment in weak fields of economic and social development. According to our recent monitoring, the number of orders for major equipment is growing significantly, including those for energy equipment, petrochemical equipment, mining machinery, engineering machinery, numerical control machine tools, industrial robots, and other key equipment. This growth is encouraging as it provides rare opportunities for relevant upstream and downstream enterprises. As time is limited, I can't list these opportunities one by one. In the process of China's steady and healthy economic and social development and in real life in economic terms, development opportunities and various kinds of business opportunities can be found everywhere in China.
The third point, which is also the most important, is that the successful convening of the 20th CPC National Congress has gathered tremendous strength and injected new impetus into China's economic development. We believe that by following the goal and the direction of advancing the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on all fronts through the Chinese path to modernization as pointed out by General Secretary Xi Jinping, and as the spirit of the 20th CPC National Congress is thoroughly implemented with efficient coordination between epidemic response and socio-economic development continuing to deliver effects and as the effects of macro policies continuing to be released, China's economy will continue to recover and grow with solid progress. Thank you.
The U.S. and European chambers of commerce in China have spoken frequently about how the inability of global executives to enter the country has reduced interest in investment in China and even negatively impacted such investment. Under China's new and current development plan, what is the thought on promoting investment in China and encouraging new projects? Thank you.
Since the beginning of this year, China has overcome various difficulties in attracting foreign investment in the context of repeated outbreaks of the pandemic globally, the complex and severe international situation and weak transnational investment. We have made significant achievements in pursuing growth and improving quality while maintaining stability. In the first eight months of 2022, China utilized 892.74 billion yuan of foreign investment, up 16.4% year on year on a comparable basis. Among this, foreign investment in high-tech industries increased by 33.6% year on year, while the eastern, central and western regions rose by 14.3%, 27.6% and 43%, respectively. The industrial structure and regional distribution of foreign investment continued to improve. In general, multinational companies have confidence in investing in China and are optimistic about the Chinese market in the long run.
At present, China's economy is transitioning from a phase of rapid growth to a stage of high-quality development. We are also facing new situations in attracting foreign investment. In accordance with the decisions and arrangements of the CPC Central Committee, we will work with relevant departments to promote higher-level opening up, put in place more supporting policies to attract foreign investment, and give more play to the positive role of foreign investment in promoting high-quality development as well as in facilitating positive interplay between domestic and international economic flows.
First, we will further encourage foreign investment. Foreign investment will be further expanded after the release of the 2022 edition of the Catalogue of Industries for Foreign Investment. More support will also be given to the areas of the advanced manufacturing sector, modern service industry, high and new technology, energy conservation and environmental protection, as well as the central, western and northeastern regions, thus creating a more favorable policy environment for foreign investment. We will introduce policies and measures focused on ensuring growth, stable performance and better quality of foreign investment in the manufacturing industry. We will make greater efforts to attract more investment in the manufacturing sector, solve the prominent problems facing foreign-invested enterprises, comprehensively strengthen the promotion and services of foreign investment and advance high-quality utilization of foreign investment.
Second, we will accelerate the launching of major foreign-funded projects. We will release the sixth batch of major foreign-funded projects, and provide them with the policy support of the central government in terms of industrial planning, land use, environmental impact assessments and energy consumption. In this way, they will be implemented at an early date. We will coordinate in a timely manner and solve the difficulties faced by foreign-funded projects in investment, production and operation to ensure their smooth implementation.
Third, we will further improve services for foreign-funded enterprises. You mentioned the American Chamber of Commerce in China (AmCham China) and the European Union Chamber of Commerce in China (EUCCC) in your question. We will more actively publicize relevant policies and measures to foreign enterprises, so as to build an investment and cooperation platform for enterprises and local governments through various methods. We will continue to improve the business environment, implement the system for foreign investment management based on pre-establishment national treatment and negative list, and work with relevant departments and local authorities to provide greater convenience for global investment exchanges and cooperation on the premise of COVID-19 prevention and control.
Yesterday, General Secretary Xi Jinping proposed in the report to the 20th CPC National Congress that we should promote high-standard opening up and steadily expand institutional opening up with regard to rules, regulations, management and standards. We are deeply aware that opening up remains China's fundamental state policy and its hallmark. As for China, we will not change our resolve to open wider at a high standard; we will not change our determination to share development opportunities with the rest of the world; and we will not change our commitment to an economic globalization that is more open, inclusive, balanced and beneficial for all. In the future, the door of China will open still wider to the world, and China's development will provide more opportunities for and inject strong impetus into the region and the wider world. We will earnestly implement General Secretary Xi Jinping's keynote speeches and instructions, and continue to create a sound policy and institutional environment, thus creating more opportunities and convenience for the development of foreign-funded enterprises. We have many foreign journalists here, and I hope they can understand and help express our wish to welcome enterprises from across the globe to invest and do business in China and continue to share China's development dividend. Thank you.
At present, with mounting risks of uncertainty in global food production and supply chains, there are new challenges to ensuring the effective supply of grain and other major agricultural products. While accelerating the construction of a new development pattern, what will be done to ensure food security and respond to external uncertainties with domestic certainties by guaranteeing stable production and a sufficient supply of grain and other important agricultural products?
Thank you for your question. General Secretary Xi Jinping has stressed on many occasions that feeding the more than 1 billion people is China's fundamental national condition and that we must always give our full attention to the issue of food security in China, not slacking off even a moment. Important arrangements have been made in the report to the 20th CPC National Congress that we must reinforce the foundations for food security on all fronts and ensure that China's total area of farmland does not fall below the redline of 1.8 billion mu (120 million hectares), so that China's food supply remain firmly in its own hands. Focusing on this important arrangement, we will work with all localities and government departments to be prepared for potential dangers and move faster to build a national food security guarantee system at a very high level characterized by quality, efficiency and sustainability. To be specific, measures will be taken in the following five aspects.
First, we will implement a food crop production strategy based on farmland management to strengthen the protection and development of farmland. We will practice the strictest farmland protection system, take more measures that "have teeth" to protect farmland, and ensure that the total area of farmland in China stays above the red line of 120 million hectares. We will keep building high-standard farmland, step up efforts to develop high-efficiency water-saving irrigation, and dig out the potential for increasing new farmland.
Second, we will implement a food crop production strategy based on technological applications to enhance scientific and technological support, such as in the modern seed industry. We will make more efforts to revitalize the seed industry, improving independent scientific and technological capabilities in the seed industry and ensuring that the germplasm resources are self-supporting and that their risks are better controlled. We will enhance the development and application of agricultural machinery and equipment, improve the prevention and control system for crop diseases and pests, and promote R&D of green storage, high-efficiency logistics, processing of grain and edible oil and other technologies so as to keep injecting new impetus into food security.
Third, we will optimize the production layout to strengthen grain production capacity. We will improve laws and regulations to safeguard national food security, fully implement the policies that both Party committees and governments should be held accountable for food security, and carry out a strict assessment of responsibility for farmland protection and food security, ensuring that the major production and marketing areas, as well as production and marketing balancing areas, share the responsibility for safeguarding the food supply. We will redouble our efforts to establish functional areas for grain production and take a combination of measures to stabilize and increase grain output to keep the annual grain output above 1.3 trillion jin (650 million tonnes). We will adopt a holistic approach to food and develop food resources on all fronts and through multiple means.
Fourth, we will strengthen the regulation over grain collection and storage to achieve a dynamic equilibrium of supply and demand at a higher level. We will enhance food security by coordinating production, purchasing, storage, processing and sales. We will also improve the monitoring and pre-warning system and strengthen targeted regulation to maintain overall stability in the food market. We will improve the food reserve system, keep food reserves at a reasonable level and optimize the structural layout. We will take innovative actions to strengthen supervision and law enforcement, strictly punish food-related corruption and deepen reform of institutions and mechanisms to ensure that the barn of the people is well safeguarded and managed.
Fifth, we will encourage food conservation and reduce losses to promote food conservation, nutrition and health. We will strengthen regulation over the entire chain and promote the application of smart harvesting machinery, green grain storage technology, and moderate processing technique so as to reduce losses and waste to the greatest extent. We will hold themed activities including World Food Day and National Food Security Publicity Week. We will advocate simple, moderate, green and low-carbon ways of life and foster a new atmosphere of cherishing and conserving food and healthy consumption. Moreover, these efforts also need the great support and assistance of our friends from the media. Thank you.
The droughts in August this year caused a severe power shortage in Sichuan, a major hydropower-producing province of China. The public is concerned about the stability and sustainability of clean energy in China. As extreme weather events become more frequent, how will China strike a balance between promoting the energy transition and ensuring the stability of the energy supply? How will it prevent a such case of power shortage from happening again?
Let me answer this question. This summer's extreme heat as well as extreme droughts gave rise to a power crunch in Sichuan province, a major province for hydroelectric generation. We have been concerned about it. In the face of the disaster, we have stayed committed to the people-centered development philosophy, resolutely implemented the decisions and plans to ensure supply and stabilize price, coordinated resources and forces to ensure steady and full production of effective generating units, and fully tapped the capacity of large power grids to provide inter-provincial support to each other for a secure and stable supply, delivering good results.
Under the new circumstances, we will closely focus on the new tasks and requirements of energy development, implement all decisions and plans, and step up efforts to develop renewable energy while ensuring the supply of conventional energy. We will actively promote green and low-carbon transformation and strive to provide a strong energy guarantee for high-quality economic and social development. Here, I'd like to share with you our work in five areas.
First, we will monitor the energy situation and manage its operation. We will analyze the power supply and demand in peak summer and winter in advance and adopt detailed measures to ensure supply. We will implement a mechanism for coordinating coal production on a daily basis and a mechanism for monitoring prices and inventories across the country and strengthen direct output coordination by key coal enterprises. We will urge all types of power units to operate at full capacity so as to fully tap the capacity of large power grids to provide inter-provincial support to each other. Market means will be used to guide users to avoid peak time.
Second, we will coordinate and ensure fuel supplies for power generation. We will sign the Agreement for Ensuring Coal Security and Supply and ensure its implementation, and provide policy incentives or constraints for the output and transfer of relevant provinces and autonomous regions while strengthening supervision over the implementation of mid- and long-term contracts for thermal coal. At present, coal storage in the country's unified management power plants has remained above 170 million tonnes, roughly double that of the same period last year and the highest level in history.
Third, we will increase coal power capacity. In the first eight months of this year, China produced 2.93 billion tonnes of coal, up 11% year on year. Since the beginning of the 14th Five-Year Plan period (2021-2025), China’s newly-commissioned installed capacity of power has exceeded 270 million kilowatts, supplying over 20 million kilowatts of additional power to central and eastern China.
Fourth, we will promote the high-quality development of the oil and gas industry. We will coordinate the development of production, supply, storage, and sales systems, enhance oil and gas exploration and development, and improve the guarantee system for oil and gas imports. At present, domestic crude oil production has increased for three consecutive years, and natural gas production has increased by more than 10 billion cubic meters for five consecutive years. The reserve capacity of oil and gas has been steadily improved, which has further assured a stable supply in the market.
Fifth, we will step up efforts to develop clean energy. We will steadily boost the construction of large wind power and photovoltaic bases and offshore wind power bases, primarily in sandy areas, rocky areas, and deserts. We will speed up the construction of large hydropower stations in southwestern China, for example, to complete and put into operation the giant hydropower stations including Wudongde and Baihetan. We will develop nuclear power plants along the coast in a safe and orderly manner. We will develop pumped storage power stations, build new-type energy storage power stations, and continue to improve the systemic adjusting capacity.
At present, northern China is entering the winter heating season. We are working with relevant departments to make all preparations and adopt a package of measures to enhance energy supplies. Our goal is to ensure that the people can enjoy a warm winter. We will implement the guiding principles of the 20th CPC National Congress through actions. Thank you.
China News Service:
The current complex and severe international environment and the spread of COVID-19 have had an impact on global production and trade activities. The restructuring of global industrial chains and supply chains is accelerating, and there is pressure facing the efficient operation of industrial chains and supply chains in some industries in China. What measures will be adopted next to maintain secure and stable industrial chains and supply chains in China?
Thank you for your question. The question you raised is very important, and I will answer it. Facing a complicated and challenging domestic and international situation, under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, all local governments and departments have been earnestly implementing the decisions and arrangements of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, focusing on removing barriers and impediments, boosting the industrial economy and ensuring unimpeded flow in the national economy. These efforts have effectively ensured China's industrial and supply chains maintain safe and stable operations, especially that of certain major industrial and supply chains. To make our industrial and supply chains more resilient and secure, we are working on five priorities, which are as follows:
First, we are working to enhance our strengths and strengthen weak links. On the one hand, based on our strengths in industrial scale and supporting facilities, and first-mover advantages in certain sectors, we are accelerating the implementation of the five-year action plan for raising the core competitiveness of the manufacturing industry. We are cultivating a host of competitive industries by upgrading and transforming traditional industries and fostering emerging industries, so as to build a competitive edge throughout the industrial chain in major sectors. On the other hand, we are focusing on key areas crucial to the economy, development, people's well-being and strategic security and concentrating on bottlenecks and weak links. In line with relevant incentive mechanisms, such as the open competition mechanism to select the best candidates to undertake key research projects and the "horse racing" mechanism, we are making integrated efforts to make breakthroughs in weak areas, upgrade applications and create a favorable environment, to win the critical battles over core technologies. Efforts have been made to implement projects for upgrading foundational industrial infrastructure and seek breakthroughs in weak links in key and fundamental areas.
Second, we are working to stabilize industrial production. We have strictly implemented the "Nine No" requirements in the COVID-19 response and eliminated actions of arbitrarily shutting down enterprises vital to the industrial chain and people's basic needs. We have taken firm actions to avoid taking an oversimplified or one-size-fits-all approach to the COVID-19 response. We have prevented excessive restrictions to ensure the orderly operation of industrial parks and the normal and stable production and operation of enterprises. Continuous efforts have been made to keep logistics stable and smooth and to ensure a sound supply of energy and raw materials, thus ensuring the smooth operation of key industrial and supply chains.
Third, we are working to improve the layout of industries. We have remained committed to taking a coordinated approach across the country to adjust and improve the layout of industrial and supply chains and make the whole industrial chain more efficient. We have strengthened our abilities to coordinate works concerning major productivities, stepped up planning and policy guiding, and avoided blind investment and redundant construction. We have thoroughly implemented national projects for developing clusters of strategic emerging industries, built a tiered system for developing industrial clusters, and fostered a series of growth engines for strategic emerging industries with unique features, complementarity and reasonable structures.
Fourth, we are deepening opening up and cooperation. We are working to promote the smooth operation of industrial and supply chains for foreign trade and support the development of cross-border e-commerce and overseas warehouses. We are working to ensure the effective utilization of foreign investment, encourage more foreign investment in sectors such as high-end manufacturing and high technologies, and support the innovative development of foreign-funded R&D centers. We are working to advance practical international cooperation, high-quality Belt and Road cooperation and the high-quality implementation of RCEP. By using various multilateral mechanisms, we are working to build a system for mutually-beneficial international cooperation in industrial and supply chains. Efforts have been made to foster a market- and law-based and internationalized business environment, to boost market dynamism and social creativity.
Fifth, we are working to strengthen risk prevention. We are working for policies for stabilizing growth to deliver results, especially to step up efforts to ease difficulties for micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises and to ensure our policies bear more fruits. We are working to strengthen the building of systems for production, supply, storage, manufacturing and marketing, and to enhance market oversight and ensure the stable supply and prices of commodities and raw materials. Efforts have been made to improve the risk monitoring system for industrial and supply chains and enhance the ability to ensure early detection and targeted and effective treatment of risks. We are working to see all the stakeholders fulfill their responsibilities, ensure the early detection, reporting, assessment and handling of risks, and earnestly maintain the safe and stable operation of major industrial and supply chains. Thank you.
China Education Television:
How will the energy authorities promote green and low-carbon energy development firmly based on the basic national conditions and energy resource endowment to support the realization of the "dual carbon" goals of peak carbon emissions and carbon neutrality as scheduled?
I'm glad to answer the last question. Achieving peak carbon emissions and carbon neutrality as scheduled is a major strategic decision made by the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core. Your question is very important. Are we committed to peak carbon emissions and neutrality based on others' demands? I think the general secretary and the CPC Central Committee have given an answer. Achieving peak carbon emissions and carbon neutrality is critical to the sustainable development of the Chinese nation and building a community with a shared future for mankind. This is not a task we're asked to fulfill but one we are proactive in delivering. Through energy development, security should be ensured and transformation should be advanced. Under the guidance of the new development philosophy, China's green and low-carbon energy transformation has been accelerating, with the quality and efficiency of development significantly improved. In the past decade, we have supported an average annual economic growth of 6.6% with an average annual energy consumption growth rate of 3%, with the energy consumption per unit of GDP decreasing by 26.4%. We have explored a green and low-carbon path to high-quality development that gives priority to ecological conservation. We have seen greater achievement on this path and have become more confident and determined along the way. Due to the time limit, I will briefly introduce three aspects:
First, non-fossil energy has maintained the momentum of leapfrog development. The total installed capacity of renewable power has exceeded 1.1 billion kilowatts, nearly four times the amount of a decade ago, accounting for more than 30% of the world's total. The installed capacities of hydropower, wind power, photovoltaic and biomass power, as well as nuclear power under construction, have maintained the first place in the world. Last year, non-fossil energy consumption accounted for 16.6% of China's energy consumption, up 6.9 percentage points from 2012 and nearly a quarter of the world's total.
Second, remarkable progress has been made in the clean and efficient use of fossil energy. The proportion of coal consumption has dropped to 56%, down 12.5 percentage points from 2012 and down 1.4 percentage points on average annually in the past decade, the fastest decline in history. Projects have been launched to upgrade coal-fired power plants to achieve ultra-low emissions and energy conservation. More than 90% of coal-fired power plants have reached an emission level comparable to that of natural gas power generation. The quality of refined oil products has been continuously upgraded, and the quality of motor gasoline and diesel has been comprehensively raised and met the National-VI emission standards, reaching the world's most advanced level.
Third, scientific and technological innovation is playing a bigger driving role. Several world-leading strategic projects, such as the Baihetan hydropower station and the Hualong One reactor, have been completed and put into operation. A complete industrial chain of equipment manufacturing for clean energy, such as hydropower, nuclear power, wind power and solar power, has been formed. China has also built the world's largest network of electric vehicle charging stations and hydrogen refuelling stations.
Going forward, in accordance with the requirements of the 20th CPC National Congress and based on China's energy resource endowment, we will follow the principle of establishing a new system before abolishing the old one, deepen the energy revolution, accelerate the planning and construction of a new energy system, and unswervingly promote green and low-carbon energy development.
To be specific, our focuses include the following respects. We will strengthen the clean and efficient use of coal and actively upgrade coal-fired power plants to conserve resources, reduce carbon emissions, make operations more flexible, and upgrade heating facilities. We plan to upgrade a total of about 600 million kilowatts during the 14th Five-Year Plan period (2021-2025). We will steadily promote the demonstration and application of CCUS (carbon capture, utilization and storage) technology. We will vigorously develop non-fossil energy, and energetically promote the high-quality development of wind and solar power. We will advance the construction of major hydropower and nuclear power projects and generate biomass, geothermal, and other renewable energy in light of local conditions. The grid will be developed actively to cope with the development of large-scale centralized new energy and distributed energy in large quantities and in a wide range of areas. We will vigorously promote transforming and upgrading end-use energy consumption, strengthen energy conservation and carbon emission reduction in key energy use areas, actively advance the replacement by electric power, and strive to make electric power account for 30% of energy consumption by end users by 2025.
Finally, while doing our own things well, we should earnestly implement the Global Development Initiative, actively participate in global governance on climate change, constantly advance the global clean energy cooperation partnership, and fully contribute to the building of a community with a shared future for mankind. Thank you.
Today's press conference is now concluded. Thanks to the three delegates to the 20th CPC National Congress and our friends from the press. Goodbye.
驻英使馆 2023-11-29 09:49:09
国新办&CGTN 2023-11-27 13:46:26
国新办&CGTN 2023-11-27 12:05:21
CGTN 2023-11-22 09:17:59