国新办 2022-10-25 1054次
Ladies and gentlemen, friends from the media, good afternoon. Welcome to the press conference held by the Press Center for the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
Today, we have invited three delegates to the 20th CPC National Congress to brief you on exercising full and rigorous Party self-governance and advancing the great new project of Party building in the new era. They are Mr. Xiao Pei, deputy secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (CCDI) of the CPC and vice chairman of the National Supervisory Commission; Mr. Xu Qifang, deputy director of the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee; and Mr. Tian Peiyan, deputy director of the Policy Research Office of the CPC Central Committee.
Now, let's give the floor to Mr. Xiao Pei for his introduction.
Ladies and gentlemen, friends, good afternoon. The 20th CPC National Congress opened yesterday, drawing widespread attention both at home and abroad. General Secretary Xi Jinping's report laying out the strategic arrangements for advancing Party building is a reminder of the remarkable journey the Party has been on in exercising full and rigorous self-governance in the new era. Hearing General Secretary Xi's report, we deeply felt the inspiring convictions and a powerful source of strength.
Ten years ago, when General Secretary Xi Jinping met domestic and international journalists upon the conclusion of the 18th CPC National Congress, he stressed that the Party's goal corresponded to the people's aspirations for a better life, and that under the new circumstances, there were many pressing problems within the Party that needed to be resolved, such as corruption, disengagement from the people, pointless formalities and bureaucratism. He urged all Party members to stay on full alert and keep firmly in mind the old adage that it takes a good blacksmith to forge good steel.
Over the past decade, the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core exercised full and rigorous Party self-governance as part of its overall strategy, and conducted an unprecedentedly tough fight against corruption with the resolve to "offend a few thousand rather than fail 1.4 billion." With a decade of unswerving efforts, great progress has been made in the full and rigorous self-governance of the Party in the new era. We have transformed lax and weak governance over the Party; prevented the Party from betraying its essence or changing its color due to sprawling corruption, the Four Malfeasances (pointless formalities, bureaucratism, hedonism and extravagance) and pursuit of privilege; and kept the infiltration and interference from interest groups and establishment groups at bay. We have seized the historical initiative by maintaining close ties with the people and winning their heartfelt support, as well as ensuring the Party's great solidarity and unity, its position at the forefront of the times, and its role in leading the people toward great national rejuvenation.
Exercising full and rigorous Party self-governance is a distinct theme of Party building in the new era. Giving top priority to its political work and upholding the centralized, unified leadership of the CPC Central Committee as its foremost political principle, the Party has made great efforts to regulate political activities and conduct within the Party and enhance political oversight to ensure that the Party's theories, guidelines, principles and policies as well as the decisions and arrangements of the CPC Central Committee achieve the desired results. The Party has started from formulating and implementing the central Party leadership's eight-point decisions on improving conduct, and continued efforts to tackle the Four Malfeasances, thus reversing unhealthy tendencies that had long gone unchecked, remedying deep-seated problems that had plagued the Party for years, and further consolidating the political foundation for the Party's long-term governance.
The CPC has strengthened discipline in the whole Party. Remaining committed to the principle of rigorous self-governance, the Party has enforced rigorous political discipline and rules through genuine, brave and constant efforts. The Party has maintained zero tolerance of corruption and taken coordinated action to ensure that officials do not have the audacity, opportunity or desire to become corrupt. We have resolutely investigated corruption cases in which political and economic issues are intertwined and punished corruption that affects people's lives. Since the 18th CPC National Congress, the discipline inspection and supervisory organs nationwide have placed 4.648 million cases on file for investigation and prosecution, among which 553 officials registered at and supervised by the CPC Central Committee were investigated and over 25,000 officials at the department or bureau level and over 182,000 officials at the county and director level were punished. An overwhelming victory has been won in the anti-corruption campaign and the success has been consolidated.
A hundred years on from its founding, the CPC, which has undergone revolutionary tempering through full and rigorous Party self-governance in the new era, is still in its prime. It has found self-reform as the second answer to the question of how to escape the historical cycle of rise and fall.
The 20th CPC National Congress has made strategic arrangements on exercising full and rigorous Party self-governance and advancing the great new project of Party building in the new era. We will acquire a deeper understanding of the decisive significance of the Two Affirmations (the affirmation of both Comrade Xi Jinping's core position on the Party Central Committee and in the Party as a whole and the guiding role of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era), and strengthen the Four Consciousnesses (consciousness of the need to maintain political integrity, think in big-picture terms, follow the leadership core, and keep in alignment with the central Party leadership). We will adhere to the Four-sphere Confidence (confident in the path, the theory, the system, and the culture of socialism with Chinese characteristics), and firmly adhere to the Two Upholds (uphold Comrade Xi Jinping's core position on the CPC Central Committee and in the Party as a whole and uphold the Central Committee's authority and its centralized, unified leadership). We will consciously arm ourselves with Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. We will uphold and strengthen the centralized, unified leadership of the CPC Central Committee, improve the institutions for carrying out self-reform of the Party, improve Party conduct and enforce rigorous Party discipline, and resolutely make decisive efforts to win the protracted war against corruption. The Party will better steer social transformation by engaging in self-transformation. These are firm guarantees for China's endeavor in building a modern socialist country in all respects. Thank you.
Thank you, Mr. Xiao Pei. Now, let's give the floor to Mr. Xu Qifang for his introduction.
Friends from the media, ladies and gentlemen, I'm very glad to meet you. Yesterday, the 20th CPC National Congress opened and we heard the report delivered by General Secretary Xi Jinping. The report with a distinct theme is profound in thoughts and rich in connotations. It is a political declaration and a guide inspiring the whole Party and all the Chinese people to write a new chapter in building a modern socialist country in all respects. I will brief you on implementing the guiding principles for the Party's organizational work in the new era.
At the national conference on organizational work in July 2018, General Secretary Xi Jinping for the first time elaborated on the full content and connotations of the guiding principles for the Party's organizational work, pointing out a clear direction and offering sound guidance for strengthening the Party's organizational building in the new era. The Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee as well as local authorities and various departments across the country have studied and implemented the guiding principles of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important speeches as a major political task to ensure the implementation of the guiding principles for the Party's organizational work in the new era.
First, we have upheld and strengthened the Party's overall leadership. With reinforcing the Party's political foundations as the priority, we have strengthened the Four Consciousnesses, bolstered the Four-sphere Confidence, and ensured the Two Upholds with greater initiative, thus remarkably consolidating the Party's core leadership role.
Second, we have armed ourselves with the Party's new theories. We have studied and implemented Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era as the primary political task, and carried out the campaign to raise the awareness of staying true to the original aspiration and upholding the founding mission of the Party and activities to study the history of the CPC, thus achieving more solid progress in arming ourselves with the Party's new theories.
Third, we have improved the organizational system featuring unimpeded communication and effective policy implementation at all levels. We have focused on building strong primary-level Party organizations, which have performed a decisive role in poverty alleviation, rural revitalization and the COVID-19 response. Party members also played an exemplary and vanguard role in these endeavors.
Fourth, we have cultivated a workforce of high-quality professional officials. We fully implemented the standards of competent officials in the new era, who are expected to be loyal, honest and responsible. We built and improved five systems related to officials, namely, training professional skills, putting people in suitable posts, selection and appointment of officials, rigorous management and positive incentives. We also pushed forward the reform of the categorized management of civil servants. We have thus cultivated officials who are politically committed, meet the requirements of the new era, and are qualified to lead the country's modernization drive.
Fifth, we have implemented the strategy of building a high-quality workforce in the new era. A central conference on talent-related work was held, and more efforts were made to build talent centers and innovation hubs of global importance. We deepened institutional reforms for talent development, carried out key talent projects, and worked to break new ground in talent work in the new era.
Sixth, we have remained committed to institutional, rules-based governance over the Party. We have continuously deepened the institutional reform of Party building, which has contributed to creating sounder, more systematic and standardized Party building.
First, we will continuously arm ourselves with the Party's new theories, and motivate Party organizations at all levels and Party members and officials to step up their efforts to study Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. We will work to ensure that they acquire a deep understanding of the decisive significance of the Two Affirmations, and are resolutely committed to the Two Upholds.
Second, we will coordinate learning and collective training on the guiding principles of the 20th CPC National Congress to ensure that Party members and officials follow the guidance of the 20th CPC National Congress through unified thought and action.
Third, we must bear in mind China's fundamental interests, make unremitting efforts to select officials, pool talent and improve work at the primary level, as well as push forward high-quality development of the Party's organizational work in the new era, in order to provide strong organizational support for building a modern socialist country in all respects and advancing the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. That is all from me. Thank you.
Thank you, Mr. Xu Qifang. Now, let's give the floor to Mr. Tian Peiyan for his introduction.
Friends from the press, good afternoon. Here, I'd like to brief you on the achievements in theoretical innovations in Party building.
Since the 18th CPC National Congress, General Secretary Xi Jinping has, in light of the new requirements for Party leadership and building based on the development of conditions and tasks, and concentrating on answering the fundamental questions of what kind of long-term governing Marxist party the Party should build itself into and how to build such a party, thoroughly explored the laws on governance by a communist party and its self-building, put forward a series of new concepts, ideas and strategies for governance over the Party, and made significant theoretical achievements and ground-breaking contributions to enriching and developing Marxist party building theory.
The theoretical achievements are rich in content, and can be summarized as follows. The overall requirements for Party building in the new era have been proposed, clarifying the policies, main tasks, focus, as well as overall plans and goals. The strategy for exercising full and rigorous governance over the Party has been put forward, emphasizing full governance as the foundation, rigorous governance as the pivot and governance itself as the crux to ensure such governance is conducted in a genuine, brave and constant manner. It has been pointed out that self-reform is the second answer to the question of how can the Party escape the historical cycle of rise and fall, and that the Party must boost its ability to purify, improve, renew, and excel itself.
It has been put forth that the Party's leadership is the defining feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics and constitutes the greatest strength of this system, and that the Party is the highest force for political leadership. It has been proposed that the Party's political building is of fundamental importance to the Party as it determines the direction and efficacy of Party building. It has been set out that the great founding spirit of the Party is the Party's source of strength, and that ideals and convictions are the source of strength, political soul and "spiritual calcium" of Chinese Communists.
Moreover, the guiding principles for Party's organizational work in the new era has been put forward and criteria for judging competent officials have been specified, stressing that the organizational system featuring unimpeded communication and effective policy implementation at all levels should be improved and primary-level Party organizations should be strengthened both politically and organizationally. It has also been set out that the Party's conduct amounts to its image, and, like a barometer, indicates the relationship between the Party, officials and the public, and tells us how the support of the public will shift. As such, unremitting efforts must be made to improve conduct, while the practices of pointless formalities, bureaucratism, hedonism and extravagance must be resolutely fought against. The fight against corruption is a major political struggle that the Party cannot afford to lose and must never lose. Punishments, deterrents, institutional restraint and efforts to raise political awareness should all be put in place to ensure that officials do not have the audacity, opportunity or desire to become corrupt.
Public power, entrusted by the people, is and will always be exercised for public good; Party and state oversight systems should be improved, and checks and scrutiny over the exercise of power should be strengthened. Institutional building and rule-based governance over the Party should be employed as essential tools in its full and rigorous self-governance. A set of institutions that are well conceived, fully built, procedure-based, and functioning efficiently must also be developed. Sound Party building is the highest career accomplishment, and the assumption of responsibilities for exercising full and rigorous Party self-governance must be ensured.
These theoretical achievements have provided the fundamental guidance for exercising full and rigorous Party self-governance, demonstrated strong power of truth and great practical significance when guiding the great new project of Party building, strengthened the overall leadership by the Party, significantly enhanced the Party's ability to provide political leadership, give theoretical guidance, organize the people, and inspire society, addressed the problem of lax and weak self-governance in Party organizations at the root, and made the Party stronger through revolutionary tempering, offering a strong political underpinning to the historic achievements and changes in the cause of the Party and the country. Thank you.
Thank you, Mr. Tian. Now the floor is open for questions. Please identify the media outlets you represent before raising questions.
Before the 20th CPC National Congress opened, the Communique of the Seventh Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the CPC stressed once again that all Party members must have a keen understanding of the decisive significance of the Two Affirmations. How should we understand the decisive significance of the Two Affirmations?
I'll take this question. The Two Affirmations is the major political achievement made by the Party in the new era. It is the decisive factor in achieving historic achievements and bringing about landmark changes in the cause of the Party and the nation.
A robust leadership core and well-conceived theories are the key indicators of a mature Marxist political party. Over the past century, they have guided the CPC to victory and lasting greatness. Historical materialism reveals the principal role of the people in moving history forward, while fully recognizing the important role of elites in the development of history. It holds that every era should have its own outstanding figures. This is because these elites can understand the trends of the times correctly. They develop keen insights about the common aspirations of the people, put forward historic tasks, and clarify the goals to strive for in the future. They also aim high, possess extraordinary political wisdom and a strong sense of historical responsibility, and can effectively mobilize and rely on the people to turn their common aspirations into reality. General Secretary Xi Jinping is such an outstanding figure and a leader of the people with popular confidence in our great era.
Similarly, the well-conceived theoretical guidance of Marxism is the foundation of the Party to stay firm in its beliefs and convictions and seize the historical initiative. Only by treating science with a scientific attitude and pursuing truth with a truth-seeking spirit, adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and the needs of the times, continuously responding to the questions concerning China, the world, the people and the times, making correct choices in accordance with China's realities and the expectations of the times, and gaining a well-conceived understanding that conforms to objective laws, can the Party observe, understand, and steer the trends of our times correctly and achieve lasting victory. Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era is the latest theoretical achievement made by our Party in correctly responding to major questions raised by the times and practices. It is the Marxism of contemporary China and in the 21st century, embodies the essence of the times of Chinese culture and the Chinese spirit, and makes new advances in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and the needs of the times.
Facts speak louder than words. Since the 18th CPC National Congress, in the face of challenging and complex environments both at home and abroad, a stream of major risks and challenges, and arduous tasks in pursuing reform, development and stability, the Party has overcome many remaining difficulties unresolved for a long time. It has achieved many major tasks that concern long-term development, made historic achievements and changes in the cause of the Party and the country, and turned China's national rejuvenation into a historical inevitability. The fundamental reason for these achievements is the leadership of General Secretary Xi Jinping and the well-conceived guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era.
The decisive significance of the Two Affirmations has been reflected in the great changes taking place in a decade of the new era, imprinted in the mind of the Party, the armed forces and Chinese people of all ethnic groups. It will be fully demonstrated in the cause of the Party and the nation on the new journey of the new era. Thank you.
Beijing Youth Daily:
The General Office of the CPC Central Committee has issued a newly-revised regulation on improving the framework of systems for rigorously managing and overseeing leading officials. It points out that the key is to address the demotion issue. Under what circumstances will officials be demoted? In addition, what are the specific measures to promote and demote leading officials?
Thank you for your questions. The General Office of the CPC Central Committee released the newly-revised regulation on improving the framework of systems for rigorously managing and overseeing leading officials on Sept. 8 this year. This is a major move to practice rigorous self-discipline and governance of the Party and officials in every respect. It is of great significance to further improve the institutional arrangements of selecting and appointing talent, encouraging officials to forge ahead on the new journey to make achievements in the new era.
The regulation clarified seven channels of filtering out the more mediocre officials, including being held accountable for misdeeds, receiving Party and government disciplinary punishment, being subject to the handling of the organization, resigning, being subject to the term of office, retirement, and subject to organizational adjustment for being unfit to serve in their current position. Regarding the adjustment of those unfit to serve in their current position, the regulation listed a total of 15 circumstances, including political integrity, beliefs and convictions, the spirit of struggle, the view of career achievements, the execution of organizational discipline, the willingness to fulfill responsibilities and undertake initiatives, ability and quality, the commitment to their work, and morality and conduct.
The provisions further optimize the investigation and adjustment procedures for officials who are not suited to serving in their current positions, and improve the work involving such adjustments. Key measures include the following six aspects.
The first is to take the annual assessment as an important basis for promoting and demoting leading officials, and to gain an in-depth understanding of their political performance, capabilities, work performance, conduct, and public reputation.
The second is to adhere to assessing officials on the front lines of major tasks and fights, and to distinguish between superiors and inferiors in actual competency tests.
The third is to strengthen comprehensive analysis, make good use of various findings — including officials' performance evaluations, disciplinary inspections, audits, statistics, reports on relevant personal matters, public assessments, and public complaints — and dynamically grasp the actual performance of officials.
The fourth is to strictly fulfill duties. We include the implementation of the provisions in the work of Party committees (leading Party members groups) to fulfill their main responsibility of exercising full and rigorous Party self-governance, deliver an annual report on officials' selection and appointment and receive public assessment, carry out disciplinary inspections, and launch special inspections on the selection and appointment of officials. It is also included in the annual work reports of secretaries of Party committees (leading Party members groups).
The fifth is to establish a documentary reporting system. We require that the relevant situation of the previous year be reported to the authorities at a higher level on an annual basis, and advance the common practice concerning promotions and demotions among leading officials.
The sixth is to raise public awareness and create a social environment and atmosphere of public oversight for the promotion and demotion of officials. Thank you.
China Media Group:
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out in the report to the 20th CPC National Congress that we have launched an unprecedented anti-corruption campaign. How should we view the achievements of the past decade in the fight against corruption?
Corruption is the easiest way to overthrow a government. As such, anti-corruption is the most thorough self-reform. It is an important judgment made in the report to the 20th CPC National Congress that we have launched an unprecedented fight against corruption in the new era, and an overwhelming victory has been achieved during this anti-corruption campaign and consolidated in an all-round way. Since the 18th CPC National Congress, among the 553 officials registered at and supervised by the CPC Central Committee who have been examined and investigated by the CCDI of the CPC and the National Supervisory Commission, there were 49 full members or alternate members of the 18th CPC Central Committee, 12 members of the 18th CCDI, 12 full members or alternate members of the 19th CPC Central Committee, and six members of the 19th CCDI. A total of 207,000 leading officials at all levels have been examined and investigated by the discipline inspection and supervision departments nationwide. Relying on the advantages of our system and the rule of law, the Party has written a new chapter in the history of the fight against corruption with a firm resolve to "root up rotten ones." The anti-corruption campaign has been carried out for 10 years and never stops, just as a blacksmith spends years in honing the perfect blade. The Party has always insisted that all those involved in corruption and embezzlement must be prosecuted and punished, fulfilling General Secretary Xi Jinping's statement after the 18th CPC National Congress that: "Without exception and regardless of how high their position, no one will be immune from investigation, and violators will be heavily punished for any contravention of laws and Party discipline. It is by no means an empty promise."
First, the CPC has strengthened the centralized and unified leadership of the CPC Central Committee over anti-corruption work. The CCDI has been working together with the National Supervisory Commission which was established during the restructuring of the Chinese government. That has helped to reshape the anti-corruption leadership system, the organizational structure, the work force, the responsibility system, and the discipline enforcement mechanism.
Second, the spread of corruption has been decisively stemmed. Since the 19th CPC National Congress, discipline inspection and supervision departments have investigated and prosecuted more than 74,000 people suspected of corruption and bribery. Among them, 48% were involved in corruption for the first time before the 18th CPC National Congress and 11% after the 19th CPC National Congress, which shows that the continuous endeavors to fight corruption have made effective achievements, greatly reducing corruption and curbing its occurrence. Inspired by strict constraints, deterrence and policies, more than 80,000 people have voluntarily turned themselves into the discipline inspection and supervision departments since the 19th CPC National Congress. At the same time, the number of tip-offs and complaint letters has declined for four years in a row, with a drop of 29.9% in 2021 compared with that in 2018.
Third, cracking down on corruption of low-ranking officials which directly affects ordinary people's lives. At the second plenary session of the 18th CCDI held after the 18th CPC National Congress, General Secretary Xi Jinping required that we should target both "tigers" (high-ranking corrupt officials) and "flies" (low-ranking corrupt officials). It won the respect and trust of the Chinese people. Over the past decade of the new era, the Party has always put the people first. We have cracked down on "tigers" and "flies." Moreover, we have firmly tackled the problems that were ignoring the people's interests. Since the 18th CPC National Congress, discipline inspection and supervisory authorities nationwide have investigated and handled over 650,000 cases of corruption and misconduct in areas related to people's livelihoods, such as education, medical care, pensions and social security, law enforcement and the judiciary. It has made the people feel that they have benefited from the Party's efforts to follow the full and rigorous self-governance and to fight against corruption. People's satisfaction has been significantly improved. The CCDI and the National Bureau of Statistics have jointly conducted public opinion surveys for the past 10 years. This year's survey shows that 97.4% of the respondents believe that the full and rigorous self-governance of the Party has been effective, up 22.4 percentage points from 2012. Furthermore, 99% of the respondents believed that the measures taken by the CPC Central Committee to tighten discipline, improve Party conduct and fight corruption reflected the Party's spirit of self-reform.
The report to the 20th CPC National Congress points out that full and rigorous self-governance is an unceasing endeavor and that self-reform is a journey to which there is no end. As long as the breeding grounds and conditions for corruption still exist, we must keep sounding the bugle and never rest, not even for a minute, in our fight against corruption. The anti-corruption campaign can only be advanced, not retreated. We will endeavor to win the tough and protracted battle against corruption. Moreover, we will take coordinated action to make officials not dare, not able, and not want to commit corruption. We will improve systems and mechanisms to prevent the spread of corruption so that severe punishment, regulation of the use of power, education and guidance will be coordinated and linked, and we can achieve more institutional results and greater effects in governance. Thank you.
Associated Press of Pakistan:
The 20th CPC National Congress report said that as the largest Marxist governing party in the world, the CPC must always stay alert and determined to tackle the special challenges that a large party faces so as to maintain the people's support and consolidate its position as a long-term governing party. What are your comments on this?
I'll take this question. This is a major conclusion made by General Secretary Xi Jinping based on his profound analysis of the historical position of the Party, the situation and tasks the Party faces, and the development and changes of the Party situation. This reflects the strategic confidence, sobriety and self-awareness for governance over the Party in the new era.
With over 96 million members and over 4.9 million primary-level Party organizations, the CPC is the largest Marxist governing party in the world. To govern such a large party, we must strictly adhere to the high standards of the advanced nature and purity of a Marxist party. The Party is well aware that maintaining the advanced nature and purity of both the Party and its members does not come naturally, and it will not be accomplished overnight and will not be done once and for all. Rather, it is an eternal issue that accompanies the Party's governance and its members. To address this eternal task and ensure that the Party is unified in thought, action and pace, and to ensure that the Party is always full of vitality and always stays at the forefront of the times, we must keep hard work and maintain perseverance and determination. Undoubtedly, this has not been an easy task.
Since the 18th CPC National Congress, we have exercised full and rigorous self-governance and solved many prominent problems within the Party. The Party has become stronger and more powerful through its revolutionary tempering. At the same time, the Party is clearly aware that deep-rooted problems within the Party have not yet been fundamentally resolved, and there is always the possibility that some old issues may rebound, that a slight slack will lead to a resurgence, and that new problems are still emerging. The (four) tests the Party faces in governance, reform and opening up, the market economy, and the external environment will exist for a long time to come, as will the (four) dangers of a lack of drive, incompetence, disengagement from the people, inaction, and corruption. It is also not an easy task to resolve problems within the Party in a timely manner, to withstand the Four Tests, and prevent the Four Dangers, so as to ensure that the Party never changes its nature and character.
It is based on a clear understanding of the Party's unique difficulties that General Secretary Xi Jinping stressed in his report to the 20th National Congress that full and rigorous self-governance is an unceasing endeavor and that self-reform is a journey to which there is no end. We must never slacken our efforts and never allow ourselves to become weary or beaten. We must persevere with full and rigorous self-governance, continue to advance the great new project of Party building in the new era, and use our own transformation to steer social transformation. This will enable our Party to stay true to its original aspiration and founding mission and remain the strong leadership core in building socialism with Chinese characteristics. Thank you.
General Secretary Xi Jinping mentioned in his report to the 20th CPC National Congress, that through painstaking efforts, the Party had found a second answer to the question of how to escape the historical cycle of rise and fall. The answer is self-reform. He also stressed that the systems and regulations for the Party's self-reform should be improved. Why did he make such an emphasis? How will the Party improve the systems and regulations for self-reform?
It is an important task that our Party has put forward in the process of exercising full and rigorous governance over the Party and advancing the great new project of Party building in the new era.
Having the courage to perform self-reform is our Party's defining characteristic and distinctive advantage. It was also the key for our Party to remain vibrant and robust after undergoing trials and tribulations over the past century. To inherit, keep and develop the defining character and the distinctive advantage well, we have to give full play to the role of institutions, which can offer actual, overall, stable and long-term effectiveness. Party governance through institutions and rules is the fundamental solution to exercising full and rigorous Party self-governance and the basic way for enforcing Party self-discipline. It also plays an irreplaceable role in safeguarding the unity and solidarity of the Party, supervising and restricting power, regulating party members' words and deeds, and conducting vigorous campaign to regulate political activities and conduct within the Party.
Since the 18th CPC National Congress, the Party has emphasized developing a system of intraparty regulations and institutions. Among nearly 4,000 intraparty regulations currently in effect, over 70% have been formulated or revised in the past decade. At the ceremony marking the centenary of the CPC on July 1, 2021, General Secretary Xi Jinping announced that our Party had formed a relatively complete regulation system. The hard-won achievement is a milestone in Party building, especially in intraparty regulations and institutional development, which marks that we have had comprehensive rules to follow in conducting rigorous Party self-discipline. Our Party has deepened reforms on the discipline inspection and the national supervisory systems, formulated or revised regulations on intraparty scrutiny and punishment for violating Party discipline, and promoted the promulgation of the Supervision Law and the establishment of the National Commission of Supervision so as to supervise everyone working in the public sector who exercises public power. The building of the Party and national supervision system guaranteed that public power is exercised in a fair, law-based, people-oriented and clean manner.
There is no end to the Party's journey of self-reform and the systems and regulations for the Party's self-reform should advance with the times, reform and innovate. We should follow new requirements of enhancing overall leadership and rigorous self-governance of the Party, fill in the gaps of institutions in a timely way, and improve the quality of intraparty regulations in the formulation process to ensure rules are tenable, adaptable and effective. We must step up record review and sorting out work, safeguard the uniformity and authority of intraparty regulations, and also improve enforcement by giving full play to the roles of prohibition and regulations. We should also enhance the building of a comprehensive, authoritative and effective supervision system under the leadership of the Party. We should focus on intraparty supervision, promote coordination of various kinds of supervision, and make the supervision system with Chinese characteristics more mature, in good shape and serve governance more effectively. Thank you.
China Discipline Inspection and Supervision Daily, website of CCDI and the National Commission of Supervision:
Over the past years, the regulations and rules on accountability and supervision of officers have been promulgated continuously, including wiping out "naked officials" (who have moved their spouses, children, and assets abroad), strengthening supervision and inspection in official selection and appointment, requiring officials to submit report about relevant personal matters, and restricting officials' spouses, children and their spouses to engage in doing business and running enterprises. Can you elaborate please?
Let me answer your question. General Secretary Xi Jinping reiterated many times that "the key to full and rigorous governance over the Party lies in rigorous governance of its officials" and "the focus of full and rigorous governance over the Party is to strictly manage its officials." Since the 18th CPC National Congress, the Organization Department has firmly followed the principle of full and rigorous governance over the Party, applied rigorous standards to officials, and taken rigorous measures to manage officials. In doing so, we have launched a slew of measures on strictly managing and supervising officials.
First, we have improved the report system with Chinese characteristics on officials' personal matters, including the system in the overall planning of exerting full and rigorous self-governance. With the system serving as an effective tool, we conducted spot checks and verification and raised the rates of spot checks from 3-5% annually to 10% annually. We thoroughly checked all candidates for official selections and carried out full checks on all officials registered at and supervised by the CPC Central Committee before the opening of the 20th CPC National Congress.
Second, we have regulated business and enterprise-running activities by officials' spouses, children, and their spouses. We started the supervision work in this regard across China in 2015, regulating businesses and enterprises and running activities by more than 4,700 officials' spouses, children, and their spouses. Following the centralized regulation, the General Office of the CPC Central Committee issued a regulation on the business activities of relatives of officials, establishing and improving a regular and long-term mechanism. The work has proven important in encouraging officials to improve their political conduct, exercise of power, self-governance, and regulate members of their families. It has won wide support from officials and our people.
Third, in selecting and appointing officials, we have intensified supervision, checks, and rectified problems identified in the inspection process. Since the 19th CPC National Congress, with concerted efforts by the central inspection teams, we have launched full-coverage and special campaigns to inspect selections and the appointment of officials in 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, and more than 200 central departments. Each year, we assessed work in selecting and appointing officials in provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities, as well as central departments and organizations. In 2021, the good ratings for selecting and appointing officials at local governments and departments increased by 23 percentage points compared with that in 2013, showing a good sign of improvement.
Fourth, we have taken a slew of specific measures, making great efforts to solve deeply-rooted issues in selecting, appointing, managing, and supervising officials. Focusing on launching specific initiatives, we have successfully addressed a number of ingrained problems. For example, we launched an initiative to rectify the problems concerning official appointment and institution setup. It refers to the excess of officials in specific positions, the irregular promotion of officials, irregular organizations, the unauthorized promotion of officials or improvement of their treatment, and granting officials unauthorized titles. We initiated a specific campaign to combat "naked officials", having established institutions and rolled out regulations on the management of positions taken by them, specifying restrictions on their promotion and taking certain positions. We took targeted measures against officials' private outbound trips and managed their passports and papers, strictly dealing with irregular behaviors. We conducted a special campaign against the "revolving door" phenomena involving the personnel in financial departments registered at and supervised by the CPC Central Committee as well as their resignations to escape punishment, and irregular job arrangements for relatives in their own work sectors.
Next, focusing on studying and implementing the guiding principles of the 20th CPC National Congress, we will unswervingly implement all decisions on exercising full and rigorous Party self-governance and make further progress in rigorous governance and supervision of officials. Thank you.
The full and rigorous governance over the Party in the new era started with formulating and implementing the central Party leadership's eight-point decisions on improving conduct. What progress has been made and what experience has been gained in improving Party conduct? Next, how to improve Party conduct and enforce Party discipline by maintaining a resolute stance on rigorous self-discipline?
Following the principle of rigorous self-governance and improving Party conduct, and tightening discipline is a strategic arrangement made by the 20th CPC National Congress. Rigorous self-governance defines the CPC's political life. Yesterday, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out in his report that the CPC must always stay alert and determined to tackle the special challenges that a large party like the CPC faces. That requires the Party to maintain a resolute stance on rigorous self-governance and self-discipline. On Dec. 4, 2012, shortly after the 18th CPC National Congress concluded, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee set eight-point decisions to urge all officials to improve conduct and maintain close ties with the people. At the meeting of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and the second plenary session of the 18th CCDI that followed, General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that Party conduct is of pivotal importance. If unhealthy influence is not rectified resolutely and left unchecked, it would become a wall separating the Party from our people. Officials, especially officials in the CPC Central Committee, should take the lead in improving Party conduct and exercise real and rigorous standards in this regard.
A decade ago, General Secretary Xi Jinping put forward the requirement to strictly govern the Party from the level of senior officials and central leaders. With the formulation and implementation of the Party's eight-point frugality code, we have broken ground in comprehensively and strictly governing the Party in the new era. Since the 18th CPC National Congress, we have investigated and dealt with more than 761,000 cases that violated the eight-point frugality code. General Secretary Xi Jinping figuratively pointed out that the launch of the eight-point frugality code has revived the building of the Party. The code has become an iconic measure to change political ecology and improve social presence, helping us to restrain improper behaviors of officials and wining the hearts of the people.
First, the CPC Central Committee has set an example in adhering to the highest standards of staying true to the original aspiration and upholding the founding mission of the Party, and in sticking to the most rigorous requirements of the implementation rules of the eight-point frugality code. The Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee has held a democratic life meeting every year to check the implementation of the eight-point frugality code and led by example, rigorously governing the "key minority" and senior officials and conducting relevant decrees to the letter. A total of 265 officials registered at and supervised by the CPC Central Committee have been disciplined for violations of the code since the 18th CPC National Congress.
Second, as the old saying goes, "step onto the stone and you should leave your footprint on it; clutch a piece of iron and you should leave your handprint on it," we have taken forceful steps in conducting the eight-point frugality code and delivered tangible results. Over the last decade, starting from cracking down on the use of public funds to pay for moon cakes and other gifts, meals and traveling, we have fixed problems one after another, broken through issues one by one, focused on one node after another, and stuck to the work year after year. The CCDI and the National Supervisory Commission has publicly reported the investigations of violations of the eight-point frugality code for the past 108 consecutive months and exposed typical cases by name.
Third, we have concentrated on addressing the problems of pointless formalities and bureaucratism. We have resolutely corrected the problems of carrying out the decisions and arrangements of the CPC Central Committee with excessive rhetoric, loud slogans, and unfulfilled actions, and even running counter to and in contradiction with those decisions and arrangements. We have also dealt with the problems of having too many meetings and inspections and excessively leaving records of work. Since the 19th CPC National Congress, all disciplinary and supervisory organs across China have investigated and dealt with more than 282,000 cases of pointless formalities and bureaucratism.
Four, we have adhered to that our work is in the interests of the people and relies on their strengths. Swarms of "flies" are as harmful as tigers. We have seriously held grassroots officials accountable for their problems of asking for bribes, being cold and harsh to the people, and lack of responsibilities, and their inaction. Since the 19th CPC National Congress, we have investigated and dealt with more than 347,000 cases involving corruption, embezzlement, favoritism, and taking advantage to benefit oneself at the expense of the others. Meanwhile, we have widened the channels of public supervision and launched a snapshot exposure platform of the Four Malfeasances and a one-click report platform to weave an intensive network of public supervision.
Fifth, we have synchronously fostered healthy tendencies while correcting the Four Malfeasances, improving regular and long-term working mechanisms to cultivate a good and kind social atmosphere. The eight-point frugality code has become a "golden card" for all CPC members in the new era.
The CPC Central Committee has always stressed that the eight-point frugality code is not a five-year or 10-year regulation, but an iron rule that will be effective for a long time. The report to the 20th CPC National Congress has made clear the requirement for resolutely implementing the eight-point frugality code and further deepening the correction of the Four Malfeasances in case of relapses, reappearances in invisible deformation, and passive sentiment. We will carry our fine traditions into a new journey and carry forward our good work style in the new era. Thank you.
The 19th and 20th CPC national congresses have made important arrangements targeting both those who take bribes and those who offer them, which has drawn extensive attention from society. I would like to ask, what progress has been made regarding this aspect?
Corruption destroyed not only the political ecology but also the environment for economic development. Anti-corruption is conducive to cleansing political ecology as well as to improving the environment for economic development. The 19th and 20th CPC national congresses have made important arrangements targeting both those who take bribes and those who offer them.
The bribers' "preying" on officials to lure them and the bribe acceptors' trading power for money are the important reason for corruption continuing to happen. Only by cutting off the interest chain of "preying" and being willing to be "preyed on" can the soil for corruption be eradicated. The key to the bribery of leaders and officials lies in the rotting of Party character, the change of the original aspiration, and the corrupting of power. We should push forward coordinated action to ensure that officials dare not to, are denied the opportunity to, and have no wish to commit corruption. We will foster a cordial and clean relationship between government and business and make it the norm to target both those who take bribes and those who offer them.
Accepting bribes and offering bribes are two sides of the same story. Since the 18th CPC National Congress, discipline inspection and supervision departments nationwide have investigated and dealt with more than 63,000 bribe givers, and procuratorates nationwide have investigated and dealt with more than 36,000 bribe givers. To push ahead with targeting both those who take bribes and those who offer them, first, we should clarify key points of punishing bribery. We have listed five categories: one, those who have repeatedly offered bribes, offered huge bribes, or offered bribes to many people; two, Party members, officials, and state functionaries who engage in bribery; three, those who have offered bribes in important state work, key projects, and major projects; four, those who have offered bribes to fields like organizational personnel, law enforcement and judiciary, assistance and support for disaster relief, education and medical care; five, those who commit major business bribery.
Second, we need to rigorously investigate and deal with them in accordance with the law. The CCDI and the National Supervisory Commission, together with the Supreme People's Court, the Supreme People's Procuratorate, and other relevant departments, formulated the opinions on further targeting both those who take bribes and those who offer them. The Supervision Law of the People's Republic of China and its implementation regulations stipulate the punishment methods for bribers and the means to deal with the illegal gains from bribery.
Third, we will explore and implement the management system of the briber list. We will coordinate to use disciplinary, legal, administrative, economic, and other means to restrict the qualifications of enterprises and market access so as to make bribers pay their due prices.
We will further improve the precision and effectiveness of combating bribery in accordance with the arrangements of the 20th CPC National Congress. We will not only make thorough investigations into briberies but also recover the money obtained from briberies. At the same time, we will ensure the legitimate operation of enterprises, protect the legitimate rights and interests of the people involved and relevant enterprises, and achieve the unity of good political, disciplinary and social effects.
In recent years, in such urgent and difficult tasks as poverty alleviation, rural revitalization, epidemic prevention and control, earthquake relief, flood fighting and rescue, primary-level Party organizations in various fields have actively played the role of fighting bastions, organizing Party members to charge ahead who would shout, "I am a Party member, I will go first! I am a Party member, follow me!" How are the Party members able to stand up when facing urgent, difficult, and dangerous tasks?
Thank you for your question. The strength of the Party comes from the organization. The Party's primary-level organizations are like the "nerve endings" of the Party's body and the basis of all the Party's work and combat capability.
A Party branch represents a bastion, and a Party member is a symbol of the Party flag. Since the 18th CPC National Congress, the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has unswervingly promoted the extension of full and rigorous self-governance of the Party to the community level, focused on improving organizational strength, highlighted political functions, promoted the progress of primary-level Party organizations in all fields, which can withstand any tests, and fully played the role of primary-level Party organizations as fighting bastions and the exemplary vanguard role of Party members. The broad masses of Party members braved hardships and dangers, shouldered heavy burdens, and charged ahead at critical moments and in completing major tasks, fully demonstrating the pioneer image of communists in the new era.
For example, we have made in-depth efforts to promote Party building to facilitate fighting against poverty, assigning a total of 255,000 teams to village stations and more than 3 million Party first secretaries and officials in villages to deeply root at the rural primary-level frontline, who led the people to rid themselves of the shackles of poverty and achieve prosperity, declared victory in the critical battle against poverty, and were widely praised by the people.
We regard rural revitalization as a big stage for cultivating and training Party members and officials. We selected excellent and strong leaders for village party organizations, continued to select and assign the Party first secretaries and teams stationed in villages, regularly rectified weak and lax village party organizations, fully mobilized Party members to actively participate in rural revitalization, and converged powerful forces for rural revitalization.
Under the unified leadership and command of the CPC Central Committee, Party organizations at all levels have effectively organized officials and members, as well as the public, to participate in epidemic prevention and control. Party officials form a strong frontline defense to protect lives, playing a mainstay role in the fight against the virus. It is common to hear statements like "I'm a Party member. I'll go first!" and "I'm a Party member. Let me do it!" resound in the frontline of epidemic prevention and control. Motivated by Party members, the public has moved to action and joined hands to fight against the virus.
In earthquake relief and flood fighting, Party organizations at all levels have set up Party member teams to respond to urgent and difficult tasks and clearly defined Party members' responsibilities for specific dam sections and households. Through hard work and dedication, Party members have stayed true to the original aspiration and founding mission in their actions and safeguarded people's lives and property.
The practice has proved that grassroots Party organizations and members are always the nation's most reliable and strongest backbone, whether in everyday life, critical moments or difficult times. This constitutes our Party's political strength, organizational strength and strength in maintaining close ties with the people. These strengths originate from the fact that the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core leads by example, mobilizes the whole Party to uphold consensus, keep a firm will, and take coordinated actions. It rallies Party officials, members and the public to forge ahead and contribute to the new journey in the new era. These strengths originate from the fact that Party organizations and Party members at all levels take the initiative to study and understand Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, stand firm in ideals and convictions, strengthen Party consciousness, and preserve the political character of Party members. These strengths also originate from the fact that Party organizations at all levels rigorously carry out regular education and day-to-day management to cultivate Party members inside and out, so that they can play an exemplary role in everyday life, stand out at critical moments and make sacrifices in difficult times. Thank you.
According to the report to the 20th CPC National Congress, the leadership of the Party is comprehensive, systematic and holistic, and must be implemented in a comprehensive, systematic and holistic manner. What are the new connotations and requirements of leadership?
I will take this question. This is a major political conclusion made by our Party by making a condensed summary of its historical experience and responding to the new requirements of the times.
The leadership of the Party is comprehensive, systematic and holistic. It includes political, ideological, and organizational leadership and leadership in conducting major work. It is embodied in strategic planning, top-level design, and tactical guidance and implementation. It covers all processes and fields of the cause of the Party and the country, and all aspects, including economic, political, cultural, social and ecological development, national defense and the military, national reunification, foreign affairs, and Party building. In terms of the work it involves and the fields it covers, the leadership of the Party is an indivisible, interconnected, and systemic whole, and should any field, aspect, or process be missing or weakened, it would undermine the leadership of the Party and harm the cause of the Party and the country. That said, the Party's leadership must be implemented comprehensively, systematically and holistically.
To uphold the leadership of the Party, we must improve the system of Party leadership in which the Party provides overall leadership and coordinates the efforts of all sides. We must improve the mechanism of implementing the CPC Central Committee's major decisions and plans, ensure that the whole Party is highly aligned with the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core in terms of political stance, direction, principle, and path, and ensure the Party's solidarity and unity.
We should step up efforts to ensure that the political responsibility for implementing the Party's leadership is fulfilled. We must leverage the leading role of Party committees (leading Party members groups) at all levels, the exemplary role of officials, the decisive role of grassroots Party organizations, and the exemplary role of Party members to form a strong synergy for implementing the Party's leadership in an all-round, multi-level and multi-dimensional manner. We should uphold law-based, democratic, and sound governance, implement democratic centralism, innovate and improve the way the Party exercises leadership, and be adept at turning the views of the Party into the will of the state through statutory procedures, placing people recommended by Party organizations in leadership positions in bodies of state power through statutory procedures, and ensuring Party leadership over the state and society through the agencies of state power, to safeguard order and efficacy of Party leadership. Thank you.
That's all for today's press conference. Thank you to the three delegates to the 20th CPC National Congress and friends from the media.
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