天之聪教育 2020-03-01 EN84 2711次
The Decision of the CPC Central Committee on Major Issues Concerning Upholding and Improving the System of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics and Advancing the Modernization of China’s System and Capacity for Governance
Deliberated and Adopted at the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the CPC
(Excerpts and English versions for reference)
Upholding and improving the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics and advancing the modernization of China’s system and capacity for governance.
Upholding and improving the systems and institutions for CPC leadership, with enhanced capacity for the CPC to exercise power based on informed decisions, democratic process and the rule of law.
Upholding and improving systems and institutions that ensure the people’s participation in the decision-making process, with continuous progress in socialist democracy.
“人民当家作主制度体系”译法二：systems and institutions that ensure the people are the masters of the country
Upholding and improving legal institutions under socialism with Chinese characteristics, and enhancing the CPC’s capacity as the ruling party to pursue the rule of law.
Upholding and improving government administration system under socialism with Chinese characteristics, in a structure that ensures clearly defined duties and responsibilities and governance on the basis of the rule of law.
Maintaining and improving the basic socialist economic system with continuous drive for quality growth.
Maintaining and improving a system that promotes cultural advancement under socialism so that the whole nation is united with shared beliefs and goals for the future.
Maintaining and enhancing social welfare systems for urban and rural residents to satisfy the growing needs for a better life.
Maintaining and improving a social governance system based on collaboration and broad participation with the goal to bring benefits to all, to ensure social stability and national security.
Maintaining and improving a system for eco-environmental progress so that man can live in harmony with nature.
Upholding and improving the system for the CPC’s absolute leadership over the armed forces to ensure that the people’s army will be able to fulfill its mission in the new era.
Upholding and improving the system of “one country, two systems” to promote peaceful reunification of the Chinese nation.
Upholding and improving the independent foreign policy of peace and helping build a global community of shared future.
Maintaining and improving CPC and state oversight systems with strengthened disciplines and oversight over the exercise of power.
Enhancing the CPC leadership over the process for upholding and improving socialism with Chinese characteristics and advancing the modernization of China’s system and capacity for governance.
China’s strengths for its system and governance in the following areas:
Upholding the centralized and unified leadership of the CPC, guided by the CPC’s scientific theories, with political stability and a clear course of action for the country on the path of socialism;
Respecting the importance of the people as masters of the country, who participate in the decision-making process in a system of people’s democracy, and maintaining close ties with the people, who are an important part of the nation’s efforts for development;
Pursuing law-based governance in all respects in a socialist country that follows the rule of law and ensures social fairness and justice and the rights of the people;
Encouraging initiative from all sectors with concentrated efforts for big and key projects, all for the purpose of achieving the fundamental goals for national development;
Upholding equality between all ethnic groups, with a strong recognition of our national identity as one nation working together for common prosperity and development;
Maintaining the dominant role of public ownership while allowing for different economic activities in diverse forms of ownership, and implementing a system of multiple modes of distribution with “to each according to his contribution” as its principal form. Such a structure represents an effective combination of the socialist system and the market economy and helps unlock and create greater productivity;
Upholding common ideals, values and moral standards, and promoting fine Chinese traditions, revolutionary heritage and advanced socialist culture in a way that the Chinese nation will be untied with shared beliefs and convictions for continuous progress;
Pursuing the development that puts people in the first place, with continuous efforts to improve livelihood and wellbeing to achieve prosperity for all;
Implementing continuous reform and innovation to keep abreast of the times, and making constant efforts for self-improvement and development, leading to a vibrant and dynamic society;
Assembling the best minds across the land selected for their integrity and expertise, with a system that continuously prepares people for the country’s future need for talent;
Maintaining a people’s army that is under the command of the CPC with absolute loyalty to the Party and the people and the prowess to safeguard China’s sovereignty, security and national interests;
Upholding the principle of “one country, two systems” to maintain lasting prosperity and stability in Hong Kong and Macao and promote the peaceful reunification of China;
Maintaining independence and self-reliance while opening to the outside world, with active participation in global governance and positive contribution to the building of a global community of shared future.
Other important concepts, principles and quotes
the miracles of rapid economic growth and sustained social stability
the system for overall leadership of the CPC
the system of CPC-led multiparty cooperation and political consultation
a new model of relations of political parties
(consolidating and developing) the broadest possible patriotic united front
the system of regional ethnic autonomy
the system of community-level self-governance
a socialist country based on the rule of law
working to ensure sound lawmaking, strict law enforcement, impartial administration of justice, and observance of law by all
legislation by the people’s congresses under the leadership of the CPC, in a process with government support and broad participation
serving the people, answering to the people and watched by the people
building a digital government
the institutions of vertical management and tiered local management
establishing a fiscal relationship between the central and local governments built upon clearly defined powers and responsibilities, with appropriate financial resource allocation, and greater balance between regions
the socialist market economy
supply-side structural reform
a state assets regulation system that focuses on capital regulation
reform of the rural collective property rights system
a negative list for market access
the fundamental role of competition policies
a modern financial system that is adaptive, competitive and inclusive
a basic database for economic governance
the rural revitalization strategy
building up China’s strategic strengths in science and technology
a system of national laboratories
a new type of national system with concentrated efforts and resources for important events or projects
a system for science regulations and ethics
pre-establishment national treatment to foreign investment
pilot free trade zones and free trade ports
keeping a firm conviction, winning the people’s support, cultivating new generations of people, advancing culture, and presenting China’s positive image
the fundamental system that ensures Marxism as the leading ideological guidance for the Party
译法一：core socialist values（十九大报告英文译法）
译法二：core values of socialism（《中国关键词》译法）
Chinese cultural centers in the new era
programs to keep China’s fine traditional culture alive and strong
a credit system covering all citizens
improving the public cultural service system
all-media communication system
ensuring universal access to childcare, education, employment, medical services, elderly care, housing, and social welfare assistance
inclusive programs that help improve livelihood and provide social welfare assistance
an educational system for lifelong learning
enhancing sustainable basic pension and medical insurance schemes that cover both urban and rural residents
fair, accessible, comprehensive and continuous health services
a social governance system led by the CPC committees and implemented by the government, based on consultation, broad participation and the rule of law, and supported by technologies
译法一：a social governance community
译法二：a community for social governance
the Fengqiao experience in promoting social harmony in the new era
a crime prevention and control system
public safety institutions and mechanisms
an emergency management system with unified command and reserves of specialized and regular staff, capable of quick response and effective coordination at different levels
a new model of community-level governance
grid management and services
the national security system
a holistic approach to national security
the principles of conservation and protection, with priority for natural restoration
the system of functional zoning
the system for efficient utilization of resources
the system for waste sorting and recycling
the system for ecological conservation and restoration
a holistic approach to protecting and restoring mountains, rivers, forests, farmlands, lakes, and grasslands
the national park system
an accountability system for ecological and environmental protection
mechanisms for ecological compensation
the system for overall command by the chairman of the Central Military Commission
the policies of “one country, two systems,” “the people of Hong Kong governing Hong Kong,” “the people of Macao governing Macao,” and a high degree of autonomy for both regions
the development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area
a new form of international relations
the reform and evolution of the global governance system
a global community of shared future
global governance based on consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits
systems and mechanisms that create enough deterrence so that officials neither dare, can nor even think of being corrupt
authoritative and efficient mechanisms for implementation
upholding and improving the fundamental, basic and important systems that underpin the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics
solidifying the foundation, leveraging our strengths and tackling areas of weaknesses
improved governance with complete laws and regulations, systematic and comprehensive measures and an emphasis on addressing the root causes of issues
maintaining confidence in our path, theory, system and culture under socialism with Chinese characteristics
improving the efficiency and effectiveness of governance by taking advantage of China’s institutional strengths
the system that ensures CPC members’ continued commitment to the CPC’s founding mission
improving the institutions for governance for the people and supported by the people
improving the CPC’s ways of leadership and governance
to make sure that people’s will is fully represented, their rights and interests are protected, and people are motivated with their enthusiasm for creative activities
improving the system for the people’s congresses to oversee the governments, the supervisory commissions, the people’s courts and the people’s procuratorates
building the united front with extensive participation of all political parties
promoting harmony between political parties, between ethnic groups, between religions, between social strata, and between Chinese people at home and overseas
pursuing parallel progress in the rule of law for national governance, the exercise of state power and government administration
building a service-oriented government able to satisfy the needs of the people
building a nation-wide online platform for government services
improving business environment
More power should be delegated to governments at and below the provincial level.
building a close and clean government-business relationship
putting in place new mechanisms for coordinated development in different regions
establishing long-term mechanisms for reducing relative poverty
Lucid waters and lush mountains are valuable resources.
jointly pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative
We must never retrace our steps to the rigidity and isolation of the past, nor should we take the wrong turn by abandoning our mission or system.
Capability for administration and implementation will be taken as important criteria for promotion, appointment and performance evaluation.
My Government’s priority is to deliver a national recovery from the pandemic that makes the United Kingdom stronger, healthier and more prosperous than before.
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