中国外文局 2021-08-17 2433次
To better serve domestic and foreign translators and to improve Chinese-English translation in China, the Academy of Contemporary China and World Studies along with China Academy of Translation, both under the guidance of China International Publishing Group, have co-drafted this glossary. The terms and phrases are collected from key speeches delivered by General Secretary Xi Jinping and major decisions and action plans of the CPC Central Committee, in 2019. They also include new concepts, areas and expressions found in documents from CPC and Chinese government conferences. The more than 420 terms are arranged in eight subjects: politics, economy, culture, society, eco-civilization, foreign and military affairs, poverty alleviation, and science and technology.
The English translation of the terms has been reviewed and approved by the Expert Committee on Major Translation Projects of the Translators Association of China under the Coordination Mechanism for Key Translation Tasks of the China Academy of Translation. We now present the glossary, complete in Chinese and English, as areference for translators and others working in relevant fields.
The glossary is also one of the many outcomes of the Research on the Standardized Translation of Terms with Chinese Characteristics, which aims to improve the translation of key terms in contemporary China, provide support for translators and the translation industry, and better tell China’s stories to the outside world. Moreover, we hope it will help foreigners understand China’s ideas, policies, and development path, make Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era better known outside China, and present to the world an accurate, multi-dimensional, and panoramic view of China.
The advance of the Chinese nation toward rejuvenation is unstoppable.
the unified multi-ethnic Chinese nation
to uphold the great unity of the Chinese nation
a sense of belonging for the Chinese nation
to modernize the national governance system and capacity
to concentrate strength for major undertakings
to uphold and improve the fundamental, basic and important systems that underpin the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics
to solidify the foundation, leverage our strengths and tackle areas of weaknesses
to improve governance with laws and regulations, systematic and comprehensive measures, and an emphasis on addressing problems at the source
to improve governance with complete laws and regulations, systematic and comprehensive measures and an emphasis on addressing the root causes of issues
to turn the strengths of China’s state systems into efficient state governance
to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of governance by taking advantage of China’s institutional strengths
a system that ensures CPC members’ commitment to the Party’s original aspiration and founding mission
the system that ensures CPC members’ continued commitment to CPC’s founding mission
the system of overall leadership by the CPC
to improve the institutions for governance for the people and supported by the people
the system of CPC-led multiparty cooperation and political consultation
to improve the system through which people’s congresses oversee the government, the supervisory commissions, the people’s courts and the people’s procuratorates
the supervision system of “One government, One commission, Two courts“ (referring to the people’s government, the supervisory commission, and the people’s court and the people’s procuratorate)
a new model of political party relations
to build a united front with extensive social participation
to build the united front with extensive participation of all political parties
the system of regional ethnic autonomy
the system of community-level self-governance
a scientific approach to law making, strict law enforcement, impartial administration of justice, and common compliance with the law
legislation by the people’s congresses under the leadership of CPC committees, with government support and broad participation
to serve the people, answer to the people, and be scrutinized by the people
to build a digital government
the institutions of vertical national management and tiered local management
to establish a fiscal relationship between the central and local governments built upon clearly defined powers and responsibilities, with appropriate financial resource allocation and great balance between regions
a new system concentrating nationwide effort and resources on key national undertakings
the fundamental system which ensures that Marxism guides all our ideological work
the fundamental system which ensures that Marxism serves as our political guidance
systems and mechanisms ensuring that officials do not dare, are not able, and ultimately have no desire to becorrupt
authoritative and efficient mechanisms for implementation
“four forms” of discipline supervision and enforcement
to maintain close ties with the people
unremitting efforts to correct the “fourforms of decadence” (the practice of favoring form over substance, bureaucratism,hedonism, and extravagance)
unremitting efforts to correct the “fourforms of official misconduct” (the practice of favoring form over substance,bureaucratism, hedonism, and extravagance)
to promote the in-depth integration of Party development and daily work
confidence in our path, theory, system, and culture
profound changes unseen in a century
The landscape here is beyond compare.
the system of distinctively Chinese socialist rule of law
the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China
the CPC’s leadership over the CPPCC
to have an accurate understanding of the nature of the CPPCC
to give full play to CPPCC’s role as aspecial consultative body
in-depth reform of Party and state institutions
to continue to improve the functional systemof Party and state institutions and modernize the state governance system and capacity
to promote the functional optimization, collaboration, and efficiency of the state institutions
to coordinate all efforts to complete key national undertakings
to guard against and defuse major risks
The Party is in charge of the media.
The CPC exercises leadership over the media.
We must carry forward the fighting spiritand improve our abilities.
to arm ourselves with theory
the system of responsibility for Party development
the centralized and unified leadership ofthe Party
to build a country, government, and society based on the rule of law
the path of law-based governance under Chinese socialism
to secure a sweeping victory in the fight against corruption
“taking out tigers,” “swatting flies,” and “hunting down foxes”
to have the courage to carry out self-reform
to conduct strict self-supervision and self-governance on the Party
Learning ability is the top priority skill that leading officials must possess.
the principal status of the people
the principal position of the people
the primacy of the people
the 40th anniversary of China’s reform and opening up
Opinions on strengthening and improving the Party development in central Party and state departments
the Party’s leadership over law-based governance
to regard the Party Constitution as the fundamental guideline
to settle minor problems in the villages,major ones in the towns, and not submitting them to higher-level authorities
Long March of the new era
The People’s Republic has a revolutionary tradition.
The people’s support is the strongest foundation for our Party’s governance.
national major projects
Never call retreat until a complete victory.
China has stood up, become prosperous and is growing strong.
China has stood up, grown prosperous and is becomingstrong.
The Medal of the Republic
The Friendship Medal
New officials must continue to meet the commitment undertaken by their predecessors.
Selective and arbitrary law enforcement is unacceptable.
to become pacesetters for reform and opening up
to enhance our Party’s political awareness as the overarching principle
to enhance our Party’s political foundation building as the overarching principle
to reinforce our Party’s political foundations as the overarching principle
to address human rights issues in a fair, objective, and non-selective manner
to establish a government service evaluation system
to improve conduct to make solid and tangible efforts
to strengthen leadership teams and the contingent of officials
“black swans” and “gray rhinos”
the policies of “one country, two systems,”、 “the people of Hong Kong governing Hong Kong,”、“the people of Macao governing Macao,” and a high degree of autonomy for bothregions
The authority of the Constitution and the Basic Law is firmly upheld in Macao.
smooth operation of the (Macao SAR) executive-led political system
to integrate more proactively into the country’s overall development
to ensure the central authorities exercise overall jurisdiction while correctly exercising a high degree of autonomy (in Macao)
the State Security Safeguarding Committee of the Macao Special Administrative Region
sound decision-making, meticulous social governance, and efficient public services
to consolidate the social and political foundation for “one country, two systems”
to have firm confidence in “one country, two systems”
to firmly keep “one country, two systems” in the correct direction
to resolutely shoulder the mission of “one country, two systems”
to consolidate the basis, foster vitality, and achieve steady development
The cause of “one country, two systems” still has a long way to go.
no finger-pointing from any external forces
to improve the governance in the Special Administrative Region of…
to improve the overall living conditions in Macao
The Taiwan question will definitely end with national rejuvenation.
We Chinese should not fight each other.
The affairs of us Chinese must be decided by ourselves.
multiple modes of distribution in the principle of “to each according to his work”
a basic database for economic governance
a prime database for economic governance
Development is what really matters to all.
to prioritize the development of agriculture and rural areas
the miracle of rapid economic growth and sustained social stability
the reform of the rural collective property rights system
a state assetsregulation system that focuses on capital
a negative list for market access
the fundamental role of competition policies
a modern financial system that is adaptive, competitive, and inclusive
the new systemof open economy
pre-establishmentnational treatment for foreign investment
pilot freetrade zones and free trade ports
to establishnew mechanisms on coordinated regional development
to put in place new mechanisms for coordinated development across differentregions
Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area
to improve the ways and methods of leading economic work
to promote the stable growth of the economy on the whole
to defuse financial risks
to boost the integrated development of advanced manufacturing and modernized services
to forestall and defuse major risks of private enterprises
to protect the legitimate rights and interests of enterprises operating overseas
to maintainstable growth, promote reform, make structural adjustments, improve people’s wellbeing, guard against risks, and ensure stability
to transition from a phase of rapid growth to a stage of high-quality development
to move from rapid growth to high-quality development
to create a development environment conducive to innovation, startups, and entrepreneurship
to explore a new way of integrated development on both sides of the Taiwan Straits
to accelerate efforts for green manufacturing
to form a unified, open, competitive and orderly market for all commodities and production factors throughout the country
to improve the financial transfer payment system
the 14th Five-Year Plan period
an open world economy through cooperation
an open world economy with innovation
an open world economy for mutual benefits
to open up the market
to improve the business environment
to continue multilateral and bilateral cooperation
to change growth model, improve economic structure, and gather new growth momentum
to make new ground in pursuing opening up on all fronts
to open wider to the outside world
Hainan Free Trade Port
free trade agreement
to develop West China
development of the western region
to revitalize the old industrial bases in the Northeast and other parts of China
to energize the central region
to implement sector-specific and targeted policies
effective constraints on the main functions and orderly land development
mechanism of integrated market development
regional cooperation mechanism
to promote all-round revitalization of Northeast China
to improve rural infrastructure
Framework Agreementon Deepening Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Cooperation in the Development of the Greater Bay Area
Mainland andMacao Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement
to promote cooperation of Zhuhai and Macao in joint development of the Hengqin region
China will spare no effort to foster a business environment that respects the value of knowledge.
China does not seek trade surplus.
international macroeconomic policy coordination mechanism
to push for a conclusion of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)
integrated development of digital economy and real economy
digital infrastructure construction
a complaint mechanism for foreign-funded companies
to improvead ministrative efficiency and regulate the service market
a punitive compensation mechanism for intellectual property infringement
China-Japan-ROK free trade agreement negotiations
The performance of the economy is punctuated by changes, some of which give cause for concern.
to consolidate the achievement through cutting overcapacity, reducing excess inventory, deleveraging, lowering costs, and strengthening areas of weakness
to invigorate micro entities
to improve the basic systems of the capital market
to steadily promote the localization of key information infrastructure in the financial industry
to speed up the construction of financial market infrastructure
to upgrade industrial chains
to ensure unimpeded flows in the economy
negotiations on a China-EU investment agreement
to promote across-the-board implementation of the policy of “entry unless on the list”
rich fruits yielded through economic diplomacy as well as cultural and people-to-people exchanges
Outline Development Plan for the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area
Plan for Integrated Development of the Yangtze River Delta Region
China Agricultural Development Report 2019
international first-class bay area
integration of “the four networks” – trunk railways, intercity railways, suburban railways and urban railways
integration of “the four networks” – trunk, intercity, suburban, and urban railways
Daxing International Airport: Phoenix Spreading Its Wings
The Second China International Import Expo
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