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2022年6月CATTI二级笔译实务真题

天之聪网校整理 2022-06-20 260次

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2022年6月CATTI笔译二级真题

1、英译汉(50分)

第一篇

The World Intellectual Property Organization is the global forum for intellectual property policy, services, information and cooperation. On the 26th of April every year, we celebrate World Intellectual Property Day to learn about the role that intellectual property (IP) rights play in encouraging innovation and creativity. Each year we choose a theme that illustrates how important intellectual property is to society, the economy and to our everyday lives. The theme of this year s campaign is “Reach for Gold: IP and Sports.” Sports are not necessarily something that you would immediately associate with IP.

Today, thanks to advances in broadcasting and communications technologies, anyone, anywhere, can follow sporting action around the clock, tracking the performances of their favorite athletes and teams without leaving home. Previously, fans purchased a ticket to witness an event, in a stadium. Now, broadcasters make it possible for a global fan base to tune into and connect with a sporting event. Sports have become a multi-billion dollar global industry – one that generates investment in facilities, employs millions of people around the world, and entertains many more.

Business relationships built on IP rights help to secure the economic value of sports. This, in turn, stimulates growth of the industry by enabling sporting organizations to finance the events we savor, and by providing the means to promote sports development at the grassroots.

We look at how sports businesses use patents and designs to foster the development of new sports technologies, materials, training, and equipment to help improve athletic performance and engage fans worldwide.

We find out how trademarks and branding maximize commercial revenue from sponsorship, merchandising and licensing agreements. These revenues offset the cost of organizing world class events, such as the Olympic Games and World Cup series, and ensure that the value and integrity of these spectacular events are safeguarded.

This year’s World Intellectual Property Day campaign celebrates the positive role that intellectual property plays in encouraging sports, a wonderful range of pursuits in which human beings have always engaged and which enrich our lives in so many different ways.

第二篇

In today’s increasingly diverse societies, UNESCO continues to accomplish every day its fundamental humanist mission to support people in understanding each other and working together to build lasting peace. UNESCO also helps to enable people to create and use knowledge for just and inclusive societies.

Yet, lasting peace rests on a complex and fragile web of daily practices embedded in local settings and the most ephemeral encounters that individuals and communities creatively maintain out of the conviction that they constitute the sustainable conditions for living together in dignity and shared prosperity.

At a time of increasing global challenges and threats, such as inequality, exclusion, violence and sectarianism worsened by local tensions and conflicts which undermine humanity’s cohesion, learning to live together among all members of the global community becomes more topical than ever before.

Individuals become interculturally competent through learning and life experience for successful living in the modern complexity of our heterogeneous world and consequently they become prepared to appreciate diversity as well as to manage conflicts in accordance with the values of pluralism and mutual understanding.

On a daily basis, from its Headquarters and in the Field, UNESCO intervenes to accompany its Member States and all its partners to better understand and address the challenges of our more and more diversified societies, particularly through its intergovernmental Programme for Management of Social Transformations (MOST) as well the Culture of Peace and Non-Violence Programme which include, inter alia, initiatives for democracy and global citizenship, intercultural dialogue, education for peace and human rights and peace-building.

Furthermore, UNESCO seeks to promote the development and the practice of sporting activities, as well as the fight against doping to foster social integration in different cultural and political contexts, recognizing that sport disregards both geographical borders and social classes.

2、汉译英(50分)

第一篇

近日中共中央、国务院发布了《关于建立健全城乡融合发展体制机制和政策体系的意见》(the Decision on Establishing and Improving the Institution, System, Mechanism and Policy Frame Work for Integrated Urban-Rural Development)。根据《意见》,到2022 年,要初步建立城乡融合发展体制机制,打通城乡要素自由流动的制度性通道,建成城乡统一的建设用地市场,形成农村产权保护交易制度框架。最终目标是缩小城乡发展差距和居民生活水平差距。

首先,要设计好农业转移人口市民化和城市人才入乡激励的机制,促进人的双向流动。每年有近百万农民工要进城,必须深化户籍制度改革,加快实现城镇基本公共服务常住人口全覆盖,提高城市的包容度。同时,要制定更加可操作性的财政、金融、社会保障等激励政策,吸引各类人才到农村创业,并留住人才。

其次,要慎重地改革农村宅基地制度,探索简历集体经营性建设用地入市制度。最大程度激发农村土地的生产力。但不改变土地所有制性质,不突破耕地红线,不损及农民利益,守住生态保护红线,防范各类政治经历社会风险。

第三,要进一步健全财政投入保障机制,促进更多社会资金投入农业农村。同时要完善乡村金融服务体系和建立工商资本入乡促进机制,为城乡融合发展提供全方位的财政金融政策支持。

第二篇

城市生物多样性是指城市中生物的种类,包括植物、动物和微生物的丰富程度。事实上,城市生物多样性是保证城市生态平衡的基础,是生态系统服务的保障,在调节城市气候、维护水的自然循环和水源清洁、保持土壤肥力等方面均发挥着重要的作用。生物多样的城市才有可能成为生态系统良好、运转平衡稳定的城市。

城市生物多样性也与城市居民的生活和健康息息相关。科学研究表明,与在乡村长大的人相比,童年在城市中度过的人更容易在特定的季节出现一些过敏症状。原因在于,乡村的微生物远比城市的微生物多样复杂,与在城市成长的孩子相比,在乡村生活的孩子接触了更多的微生物,他们的免疫系统经过与这些微生物的博弈,身体已经适应它们。而在城市中长大的人却没有这样的经历,在成年后,一旦遇到某些免疫系统从未接触过或不认识的微生物,就比较容易染病。

城市生物多样性的前提是复杂多样的生境条件。尽管城市在不断建设和扩张中改变了土地原有的生态系统、水文状况和地表结构,城市中的自然空间既有限又破碎,但是要在一定程度上实现城市生物多样性却并非如我们想像的那样困难重重。

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